F

Serum Values from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994

TABLE F-1 Serum Vitamin C (mg/dL) of Persons Aged 4 Years and Older: Mean and Selected Percentiles, United States, NHANES III, 1988–1994

Sexa and Age, y

Number of Persons Examined

Selected Percentiles

   

Mean

1st

5th

Both sexes, 4–8

1,216

1.1

0.8

0.9

Standard error

 

0.02

0.17

0.12

M, 9–13

1,019

0.9

0.2

0.4

Standard error

 

0.03

0.03

0.03

M, 14–18

789

0.7

0.1

0.2

Standard error

 

0.03

0.03

0.04

M, 19–30

1,715

0.7

0.07

0.1

Standard error

 

0.02

0.007

0.01

M, 31–50

2,314

0.6

0.05

0.1

Standard error

 

0.02

0.006

0.01

M, 51–70

1,836

0.7

0.07

0.1

Standard error

 

0.02

0.007

0.01

M, 71+

1,150

0.8

0.06

0.2

Standard error

 

0.02

0.008

0.02



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DRI DIETARY REFERENCE INTAKES FOR Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids F Serum Values from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1994 TABLE F-1 Serum Vitamin C (mg/dL) of Persons Aged 4 Years and Older: Mean and Selected Percentiles, United States, NHANES III, 1988–1994 Sexa and Age, y Number of Persons Examined Selected Percentiles     Mean 1st 5th Both sexes, 4–8 1,216 1.1 0.8 0.9 Standard error   0.02 0.17 0.12 M, 9–13 1,019 0.9 0.2 0.4 Standard error   0.03 0.03 0.03 M, 14–18 789 0.7 0.1 0.2 Standard error   0.03 0.03 0.04 M, 19–30 1,715 0.7 0.07 0.1 Standard error   0.02 0.007 0.01 M, 31–50 2,314 0.6 0.05 0.1 Standard error   0.02 0.006 0.01 M, 51–70 1,836 0.7 0.07 0.1 Standard error   0.02 0.007 0.01 M, 71+ 1,150 0.8 0.06 0.2 Standard error   0.02 0.008 0.02

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DRI DIETARY REFERENCE INTAKES FOR Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids 10th 25th 50th 75th 90th 95th 99th 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 0.09 0.05 0.02 0.05 0.10 0.13 0.21 0.5 0.7 0.9 1.2 1.4 1.5 2.0 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.06 0.14 0.3 0.5 0.7 0.9 1.2 1.3 1.6 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.20 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.9 1.1 1.3 1.8 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.07 0.19 0.2 0.3 0.6 0.9 1.1 1.3 1.7 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.04 0.07 0.11 0.2 0.4 0.7 1.0 1.2 1.4 2.0 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.04 0.05 0.10 0.2 0.5 0.7 1.0 1.3 1.5 2.1 0.02 0.03 0.02 0.03 0.04 0.06 0.18

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DRI DIETARY REFERENCE INTAKES FOR Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids TABLE F-1 Continued Sexa and Age, y Number of Persons Examined Selected Percentiles     Mean 1st 5th F, 9–13 1,045 1.0 0.24 0.4 Standard error   0.03 0.03 0.03 F, 14–18 906 0.9 0.15 0.3 Standard error   0.04 0.03 0.03 F, 19–30 1,973 0.7 0.11 0.2 Standard error   0.02 0.01 0.03 F, 31–50 2,778 0.8 0.09 0.2 Standard error   0.02 0.009 0.01 F, 51–70 1,907 0.9 0.12 0.3 Standard error   0.03 0.01 0.02 F, 71+ 1,251 1.0 0.14 0.3 Standard error   0.02 0.02 0.02 All individuals 19,899 0.8 0.09 0.2 Standard error   0.01 0.006 0.01 a M = male, F = female. SOURCE: Iowa State University Department of Statistics, 1999.

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DRI DIETARY REFERENCE INTAKES FOR Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids 10th 25th 50th 75th 90th 95th 99th 0.5 0.8 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.5 1.9 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.03 0.05 0.07 0.18 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.1 1.3 1.5 1.9 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.06 0.07 0.10 0.3 0.5 0.7 1.0 1.2 1.3 1.7 0.03 0.03 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.11 0.3 0.5 0.7 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.8 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.02 0.03 0.04 0.06 0.4 0.6 0.9 1.1 1.4 1.6 2.0 0.02 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.06 0.10 0.5 0.7 1.0 1.3 1.5 1.7 2.2 0.02 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.05 0.07 0.3 0.5 0.8 1.0 1.3 1.5 1.9 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.04 0.07

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DRI DIETARY REFERENCE INTAKES FOR Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids TABLE F-2 Serum Vitamin E (µg/dL) of Persons Aged 4 Years and Older: Mean and Selected Percentiles, United States, NHANES III, 1988–1994 Sexa and Age, y Number of Persons Examined Selected Percentiles Mean 1st 5th Both sexes, 4–8 2,835 814 542 611 Standard error   7.3 12.0 8.9 M, 9–13 1,072 790 507 571 Standard error   7.9 8.0 6.1 M, 14–18 816 739 459 522 Standard error   9.1 12.9 7.3 M, 19–30 1,782 894 498 594 Standard error   10.3 17.5 10.0 M, 31–50 2,391 1,128 563 675 Standard error   13.9 11.0 9.0 M, 51–70 1,895 1,294 567 739 Standard error   18.2 29.1 52.4 M, 71+ 1,193 1,303 609 724 Standard error   30.9 20.6 10.7 F, 9–13 1,094 795 487 563 Standard error   11.3 10.3 8.0 F, 14–18 937 810 481 548 Standard error   10.5 20.8 15.0 F, 19–30 2,028 932 524 618 Standard error   9.5 11.4 7.9 F, 31–50 2,839 1,074 589 686 Standard error   10.3 8.14 6.4 F, 51–70 1,957 1,424 625 793 Standard error   25.7 32.3 24.6 F, 71+ 1,290 1,489 640 834 Standard error   19.2 74.6 37.4 All individuals 22,129 1,071 534 618 Standard error   6.6 16.1 6.5 a M = male, F = female. SOURCE: Iowa State University Department of Statistics, 1999.

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DRI DIETARY REFERENCE INTAKES FOR Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids 10th 25th 50th 75th 90th 95th 99th 648 713 793 890 1,004 1,089 1,294 7.8 6.6 6.7 9.3 16.2 23.4 49.6 609 679 771 880 995 1,073 1,238 6.0 7.2 9.0 10.3 12.6 15.6 25.8 558 624 710 821 956 1,058 1,298 7.8 8.9 7.9 13.4 18.7 24.6 57.7 648 741 853 996 1,185 1,335 1,710 7.9 7.9 9.7 15.0 22.5 32.8 75.8 746 885 1,062 1,269 1,551 1,815 2,598 9.7 10.2 11.4 18.2 30.2 45.1 139.0 833 985 1,117 1,465 1,878 2,232 3,196 30.7 36.0 15.7 44.9 85.3 149.0 262.0 796 940 1,157 1,489 1,967 2,375 3,486 12.3 16.8 19.0 33.0 64.0 119.0 361.0 606 678 765 875 1,018 1,129 1,401 7.9 8.3 9.5 14.0 22.1 30.8 61.1 592 678 786 902 1,041 1,159 1,479 17.8 12.3 25.6 17.0 46.2 43.7 174.0 671 765 880 1,036 1,248 1,422 1,863 7.5 6.7 10.0 11.2 29.9 40.4 72.1 745 856 1,007 1,207 1,470 1,691 2,276 6.8 7.8 9.7 12.7 20.1 32.7 96.0 890 1,058 1,279 1,597 2,078 2,534 3,923 14.0 20.7 16.7 28.8 54.0 99.2 358.0 946 1,138 1,373 1,696 2,156 2,543 3,539 20.8 16.0 18.2 23.0 41.5 73.1 198.0 681 795 969 1,220 1,554 1,847 2,707 3.9 4.5 6.0 9.9 13.5 23.2 69.5

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DRI DIETARY REFERENCE INTAKES FOR Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids TABLE F-3 Serum Selenium (µg/dL) of Persons Aged 4 Years and Older: Mean and Selected Percentiles, United States, NHANES III, 1988–1994 Sexa and Age, y Number of Persons Examined Selected Percentiles     Mean 1st 5th Both sexes, 4–8         Standard error         M, 9–13 344 11.81 9.19 9.99 Standard error   0.16 0.11 0.16 M, 14–18 799 12.28 9.92 10.51 Standard error   0.11 0.13 0.11 M, 19–30 1,751 12.55 9.84 10.62 Standard error   0.11 0.11 0.09 M, 31–50 2,365 12.73 9.78 10.68 Standard error   0.08 0.13 0.07 M, 51–70 1,869 12.69 9.69 10.53 Standard error   0.11 0.22 0.09 M, 71+ 1,156 12.54 9.20 10.10 Standard error   0.11 0.13 0.11 F, 9–13 390 11.55 9.14 9.75 Standard error   0.13 0.17 0.14 F, 14–18 926 12.17 9.33 10.02 Standard error   0.10 0.11 0.09 F, 19–30 2,016 12.36 9.50 10.24 Standard error   0.11 0.19 0.06 F, 31–50 2,817 12.25 9.61 10.35 Standard error   0.07 0.08 0.07 F, 51–70 1,936 12.52 9.48 10.37 Standard error   0.09 0.22 0.09 F, 71+ 1,261 12.45 9.12 10.15 Standard error   0.10 0.35 0.13 All individuals 17,630 12.45 9.51 10.36 Standard error   0.08 0.07 0.07 a M = male, F = female. SOURCE: Iowa State University Department of Statistics, 1999.

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DRI DIETARY REFERENCE INTAKES FOR Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids 10th 25th 50th 75th 90th 95th 99th 10.41 11.07 11.78 12.51 13.25 13.73 14.73 0.18 0.15 0.13 0.17 0.32 0.37 0.38 10.85 11.45 12.19 13.01 13.83 14.35 15.41 0.09 0.09 0.10 0.13 0.18 0.23 0.34 11.03 11.71 12.47 13.30 14.17 14.76 16.03 0.08 0.08 0.10 0.13 0.16 0.19 0.30 11.12 11.82 12.63 13.51 14.44 15.12 16.79 0.06 0.07 0.07 0.11 0.15 0.19 0.36 10.99 11.74 12.60 13.53 14.50 15.16 16.56 0.12 0.14 0.10 0.17 0.20 0.23 0.55 10.60 11.50 12.50 13.50 14.50 15.10 16.30 0.10 0.11 0.13 0.13 0.14 0.16 0.22 10.07 10.64 11.47 12.33 12.99 13.54 15.40 0.11 0.09 0.11 0.15 0.19 0.30 0.92 10.42 11.14 12.04 13.06 14.09 14.76 16.13 0.08 0.08 0.09 0.12 0.17 0.21 0.31 10.65 11.38 12.25 13.22 14.22 14.88 16.27 0.08 0.09 0.11 0.18 0.21 0.22 0.44 10.75 11.41 12.17 12.99 13.85 14.43 15.67 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.09 0.10 0.16 10.84 11.61 12.46 13.35 14.25 14.85 16.11 0.08 0.08 0.09 0.14 0.13 0.13 0.39 10.67 11.51 12.41 13.35 14.28 14.90 16.17 0.16 0.17 0.11 0.17 0.16 0.14 0.48 10.80 11.52 12.37 13.27 14.19 14.82 16.26 0.06 0.06 0.07 0.09 0.12 0.14 0.19

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DRI DIETARY REFERENCE INTAKES FOR Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids TABLE F-4 Serum β-Carotene (µg/dL) of Persons Aged 4 Years and Older: Mean and Selected Percentiles, United States, NHANES III, 1988–1994 Sexa and Age, y Number of Persons Examined Selected Percentiles Mean 1st 5th Both sexes, 4–8 2,834 18.7 6.0 8.2 Standard error   0.3 0.5 0.2 M, 9–13 1,072 16.7 4.5 6.3 Standard error   0.6 0.2 0.3 M, 14–18 816 12.4 3.8 5.1 Standard error   0.4 0.2 0.3 M, 19–30 1,782 12.9 2.4 4.0 Standard error   0.5 0.2 0.2 M, 31–50 2,388 16.2 2.2 4.1 Standard error   0.5 0.1 0.2 M, 51–70 1,892 19.5 2.3 4.7 Standard error   0.6 0.2 0.4 M, 71+ 1,193 23.4 3.3 5.7 Standard error   0.9 0.5 0.2 F, 9–13 1,094 15.7 5.0 6.7 Standard error   0.4 0.2 0.2 F, 14–18 937 14.3 4.3 5.6 Standard error   0.6 0.2 0.2 F, 19–30 2,028 15.0 2.7 4.6 Standard error   0.4 0.2 0.1 F, 31–50 2,839 21.7 3.2 5.7 Standard error   0.5 0.2 0.2 F, 51–70 1,955 26.4 3.7 6.4 Standard error   0.8 0.4 0.3 F, 71+ 1,289 31.1 5.4 8.4 Standard error   1.0 0.4 0.4 All individuals 22,119 18.9 3.0 5.2 Standard error   0.3 0.1 0.1 a M = male, F = female. SOURCE: Iowa State University Department of Statistics, 1999.

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DRI DIETARY REFERENCE INTAKES FOR Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids 10th 25th 50th 75th 90th 95th 99th 9.5 12.4 16.6 22.5 30.1 36.2 51.8 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.9 0.9 1.2 6.4 7.7 10.6 14.7 19.9 27.0 33.5 53.5 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.5 1.5 2.7 7.4 5.9 7.7 10.8 15.1 20.0 24.4 39.7 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.5 1.2 2.3 5.5 5.0 6.9 9.8 15.3 24.3 32.2 54.3 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.5 1.3 2.0 5.2 5.3 7.9 12.4 19.5 29.7 39.7 76.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.5 1.0 1.8 7.0 6.3 9.6 15.3 24.1 35.9 46.8 84.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.8 1.9 3.5 7.9 7.6 11.6 18.0 28.1 44.1 59.2 106.1 0.3 0.6 0.6 1.8 2.4 3.7 17.9 7.9 10.4 14.1 19.2 25.5 30.2 41.7 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.9 1.7 6.4 8.4 11.7 17.2 25.0 31.6 50.0 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.7 1.5 2.4 5.6 5.7 7.9 12.0 18.6 27.0 34.5 59.7 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.9 1.4 4.1 7.4 11.0 17.2 26.8 39.6 51.4 90.8 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.6 1.1 1.9 6.3 8.5 13.1 20.6 32.3 49.9 65.8 112.9 0.4 0.6 0.6 1.7 1.9 3.4 18.2 10.6 15.7 24.5 38.7 58.8 75.8 122.7 0.4 0.5 0.7 1.2 2.4 3.8 8.9 6.4 9.4 14.7 22.8 35.1 46.2 82.6 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.8 2.7

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DRI DIETARY REFERENCE INTAKES FOR Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids TABLE F-5 Serum α-Carotene (µg/dL) of Persons Aged 4 Years and Older: Mean and Selected Percentiles, United States, NHANES III, 1988–1994 Sexa and Age, y Number of Persons Examined Selected Percentiles Mean 1st 5th Both sexes, 4–8 2,826 4.26 0.90 1.10 Standard error   0.12 0.03 0.07 M, 9–13 1,062 4.08 0.92 1.09 Standard error   0.34 0.03 0.06 M, 14–18 805 2.81 0.67 0.88 Standard error   0.17 0.02 0.01 M, 19–30 1,747 3.23 0.90 0.99 Standard error   0.14 0.01 0.06 M, 31–50 2,342 4.34 0.92 1.03 Standard error   0.18 0.01 0.04 M, 51–70 1,856 4.75 0.93 1.05 Standard error   0.14 0.01 0.04 M, 71+ 1,175 4.79 0.96 1.12 Standard error   0.15 0.02 0.02 F, 9–13 1,087 3.66 0.60 1.00 Standard error   0.17 0.02 0.03 F, 14–18 626 3.12 0.90 0.99 Standard error   0.2 0.01 0.03 F, 19–30 996 3.44 0.65 0.89 Standard error   0.20 0.03 0.01 F, 31–50 2,375 5.37 0.70 1.10 Standard error   0.21 0.03 0.04 F, 51–70 1,938 6.01 1.00 1.20 Standard error   0.22 0.02 0.03 F, 71+ 1,279 6.38 1.00 1.50 Standard error   0.20 0.02 0.08 Pregnant 186 4.47 0.57 1.09 Standard error   0.45 0.73 0.56 Lactating 90 5.99 0.90 1.70 Standard error   0.52 0.29 0.37 All individuals 20,114 4.59 0.60 1.00 Standard error   0.1 0.02 0.03 All individuals (+P/L) 20,386 4.59 0.60 1.00 Standard error   0.1 0.02 0.03 a M = male, F = female. SOURCE: Iowa State University Department of Statistics, 1999.

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DRI DIETARY REFERENCE INTAKES FOR Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids 10th 25th 50th 75th 90th 95th 99th 1.40 2.40 3.70 5.30 7.50 9.50 14.90 0.11 0.11 0.11 0.16 0.29 0.5 0.89 1.17 2.13 3.20 4.87 7.29 9.36 19.12 0.05 0.32 0.31 0.29 0.75 1.11 4.52 1.01 1.34 1.99 3.26 5.43 7.46 13.63 0.03 0.06 0.12 0.21 0.38 0.59 1.39 1.09 1.22 2.46 4.17 6.26 8.02 13.97 0.04 0.03 0.16 0.13 0.39 0.61 1.57 1.15 2.09 3.50 5.29 8.01 10.25 20.17 0.04 0.37 0.14 0.24 0.42 0.59 2.80 1.25 2.28 3.89 5.98 9.05 11.67 18.59 0.04 0.13 0.12 0.17 0.35 0.51 1.23 1.25 2.71 4.07 5.93 8.78 11.27 17.68 0.08 0.12 0.12 0.19 0.56 0.69 1.04 1.30 1.90 2.90 4.60 6.90 8.80 13.80 0.05 0.08 0.14 0.22 0.4 0.58 1.18 1.07 1.24 2.41 4.09 5.84 7.14 11.94 0.03 0.1 0.39 0.34 0.31 0.93 1.67 1.05 1.45 2.26 3.94 6.93 9.85 19.23 0.03 0.07 0.14 0.23 0.48 0.83 2.40 1.50 2.30 3.90 6.60 10.80 14.50 25.20 0.05 0.08 0.14 0.24 0.49 0.79 1.87 1.60 3.30 4.90 7.50 11.10 14.40 23.10 0.19 0.12 0.18 0.31 0.58 0.63 1.44 2.20 3.50 5.20 7.70 11.60 14.90 25.30 0.12 0.11 0.13 0.24 0.46 0.71 2.10 1.12 1.5 3.42 6.21 9 10.22 18.89 0.24 0.77 0.75 1.05 1.95 3.89 9.01 2.40 3.60 5.50 7.80 10.30 12.10 15.80 0.41 0.45 0.58 1.08 1.13 0.73 2.56 1.30 2.00 3.40 5.70 9.20 12.30 20.60 0.04 0.06 0.1 0.13 0.21 0.32 0.74 1.30 2.00 3.40 5.70 9.20 12.30 20.70 0.04 0.06 0.09 0.13 0.21 0.3 0.65

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DRI DIETARY REFERENCE INTAKES FOR Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids TABLE F-6 Serum β-Cryptoxanthin (µg/dL) of Persons Aged 4 Years and Older: Mean and Selected Percentiles, United States, NHANES III, 1988–1994 Sexa and Age, y Number of Persons Examined Selected Percentiles     Mean 1st 5th Both sexes, 4–8 2,834 11.58 4.10 5.40 Standard error   0.17 0.26 0.31 M, 9–13 1,072 10.89 3.00 4.40 Standard error   0.31 0.57 0.24 M, 14–18 816 8.76 2.80 3.70 Standard error   0.25 0.2 0.17 M, 19–30 1,782 8.70 2.40 3.50 Standard error   0.24 0.19 0.10 M, 31–50 2,389 8.54 1.60 3.00 Standard error   0.17 0.14 0.17 M, 51–70 1,893 8.83 1.60 2.90 Standard error   0.21 0.14 0.14 M, 71+ 1,193 8.58 1.40 2.60 Standard error   0.2 0.13 0.15 F, 9–13 1,094 10.51 3.80 4.90 Standard error   0.29 0.18 0.17 F, 14–18 632 9.12 3.40 4.20 Standard error   0.39 0.17 0.17 F, 19–30 1,019 7.33 2.11 3.41 Standard error   0.21 0.35 0.14 F, 31–50 2,407 8.84 2.10 3.30 Standard error   0.21 0.13 0.11 F, 51–70 1,954 10.25 2.20 3.30 Standard error   0.27 0.16 0.13 F, 71+ 1,287 11.38 2.10 3.40 Standard error   0.45 0.20 0.19 Pregnant 188 10.67 2.80 3.80 Standard error   1.08 0.37 0.35 Lactating 90 9.74 3.90 4.90 Standard error   0.82 0.58 0.4 All individuals 20,372 9.35 2.20 3.30 Standard error   0.13 0.07 0.07 All individuals (+P/L) 20,646 9.36 2.30 3.30 Standard error   0.14 0.07 0.07 a M = male, F = female. SOURCE: Iowa State University Department of Statistics, 1999.

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DRI DIETARY REFERENCE INTAKES FOR Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids 10th 25th 50th 75th 90th 95th 99th 6.30 8.00 10.50 13.90 18.10 21.40 29.30 0.35 0.32 0.32 0.35 0.50 0.62 1.44 5.30 7.00 9.40 13.30 18.30 22.10 31.50 0.45 0.5 0.48 0.53 1.08 1.53 4.25 4.30 5.60 7.60 10.60 14.70 17.90 26.00 0.15 0.15 0.22 0.34 0.59 0.86 1.78 4.10 5.30 7.30 10.40 14.80 18.60 29.40 0.12 0.14 0.16 0.33 0.53 0.78 1.96 3.70 5.10 7.10 10.40 14.70 18.60 29.60 0.24 0.14 0.16 0.26 0.38 0.66 1.77 3.70 5.00 7.30 10.90 16.00 19.90 29.50 0.15 0.14 0.22 0.31 0.54 0.67 1.65 3.40 4.80 7.10 10.70 15.40 19.40 30.10 0.16 0.16 0.23 0.37 0.50 0.71 2.00 5.60 7.10 9.40 12.70 16.80 19.90 27.50 0.18 0.19 0.24 0.37 0.62 0.88 1.65 4.70 5.90 7.80 10.80 15.10 18.60 27.50 0.18 0.23 0.32 0.47 0.81 1.18 2.40 4.05 4.90 6.26 8.46 11.62 14.38 23.89 0.12 0.10 1.14 0.37 0.37 0.65 1.67 4.00 5.30 7.40 10.70 15.10 19.00 30.40 0.1 0.12 0.15 0.22 0.49 0.85 2.57 4.00 5.70 8.50 12.80 18.50 23.00 34.70 0.16 0.17 0.24 0.37 0.68 0.80 2.81 4.30 6.30 9.60 14.40 20.70 25.50 37.50 0.19 0.22 0.38 0.71 0.99 1.18 1.86 4.50 6.10 8.60 12.90 19.10 24.30 38.20 0.38 0.47 0.71 1.59 2.72 3.90 8.76 5.50 6.70 8.70 11.60 15.30 18.20 25.30 0.50 0.81 0.73 0.91 1.47 2.58 6.68 4.00 5.50 8.00 11.60 16.40 20.10 29.60 0.07 0.08 0.10 0.16 0.28 0.42 0.85 4.00 5.50 8.00 11.60 16.40 20.10 29.70 0.07 0.08 0.11 0.16 0.28 0.42 0.86

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DRI DIETARY REFERENCE INTAKES FOR Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids TABLE F-7 Serum Lutein and Zeaxanthin (µg/dL) of Persons Aged 4 Years and Older: Mean and Selected Percentiles, United States, NHANES III, 1988–1994 Sexa and Age, y Number of Persons Examined Selected Percentiles     Mean 1st 5th Both sexes, 4–8 2,835 19.7 8.6 10.8 Standard error   0.3 0.3 0.3 M, 9–13 1,072 18.1 7.9 9.7 Standard error   0.3 0.4 0.3 M, 14–18 816 15.5 5.8 7.6 Standard error   0.4 0.4 0.4 M, 19–30 1,782 18.6 6.6 8.9 Standard error   0.4 0.3 0.2 M, 31–50 2,391 21.5 7.2 9.7 Standard error   0.4 0.3 0.2 M, 51–70 1,894 24.0 6.9 10.2 Standard error   0.5 0.4 0.3 M, 71+ 1,193 23.5 7.4 10.1 Standard error   0.6 0.3 0.3 F, 9–13 1,094 18.1 8.0 9.9 Standard error   0.5 0.3 0.4 F, 14–18 937 16.2 6.6 8.4 Standard error   0.5 0.5 0.3 F, 19–30 2,028 18.6 7.3 9.3 Standard error   0.4 0.2 0.2 F, 31–50 2,839 21.4 7.2 9.8 Standard error   0.3 0.2 0.2 F, 51–70 1,956 24.4 7.2 10.2 Standard error   0.5 0.7 0.2 F, 71+ 1,289 25.7 7.8 10.8 Standard error   0.7 0.3 0.4 All individuals 22,126 20.9 7.1 9.6 Standard error   0.3 0.1 0.1 a M = male, F = female. SOURCE: Iowa State University Department of Statistics, 1999.

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DRI DIETARY REFERENCE INTAKES FOR Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids 10th 25th 50th 75th 90th 95th 99th 12.2 15.0 18.7 23.4 28.5 32.2 40.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 1.0 10.9 13.3 16.7 21.5 27.2 31.4 41.5 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.4 1.1 1.1 3.2 8.8 11.1 14.4 18.6 23.5 27.0 35.1 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.7 1.0 1.9 10.4 13.2 17.0 22.2 28.7 33.8 46.9 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.7 0.9 1.8 11.3 14.7 19.7 26.3 34.1 39.8 53.4 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.7 1.0 1.9 12.4 16.4 21.7 28.7 37.9 45.5 65.8 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.6 1.0 1.7 4.6 11.9 15.6 21.2 28.8 37.9 44.7 61.1 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.7 1.4 2.0 4.0 11.2 13.8 17.3 21.4 25.9 29.3 38.0 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.9 1.1 1.6 9.5 11.8 15.1 19.3 24.2 27.7 35.8 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.8 1.1 3.7 10.5 13.2 17.0 22.2 28.6 33.3 44.7 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.7 0.9 1.7 11.5 14.8 19.4 25.7 33.7 40.0 56.0 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.7 1.1 2.4 12.2 16.2 21.7 29.4 39.6 47.9 69.8 0.5 0.7 0.4 1.4 1.4 1.7 9.5 12.9 17.2 23.4 31.6 41.1 48.1 64.2 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.9 1.3 1.8 3.3 11.1 14.3 18.9 25.0 33.0 38.9 55.4 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.6 1.9

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DRI DIETARY REFERENCE INTAKES FOR Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids TABLE F-8 Serum Lycopene (µg/dL) of Persons Aged 4 Years and Older: Mean and Selected Percentiles, United States, NHANES III, 1988–1994 Sexa and Age, y Number of Persons Examined Selected Percentiles     Mean 1st 5th Both sexes, 4–8 2,835 23.3 7.1 10.7 Standard error   0.3 0.9 0.5 M, 9–13 1,072 25.0 8.2 12.3 Standard error   0.6 0.9 0.6 M, 14–18 816 25.3 10.2 13.5 Standard error   0.4 0.6 0.4 M, 19–30 1,782 26.8 9.2 13.3 Standard error   0.5 0.4 0.4 M, 31–50 2,388 26.0 6.9 11.3 Standard error   0.4 0.5 0.5 M, 51–70 1,893 22.0 4.2 7.7 Standard error   0.4 0.3 0.3 M, 71+ 1,188 15.5 2.7 4.7 Standard error   0.4 0.3 0.2 F, 9–13 1,094 24.4 9.7 12.6 Standard error   0.5 0.4 0.4 F, 14–18 937 23.4 8.7 11.9 Standard error   0.4 0.9 0.7 F, 19–30 2,028 24.8 7.9 11.7 Standard error   0.4 0.5 0.3 F, 31–50 2,839 22.9 6.5 10.0 Standard error   0.3 0.3 0.3 F, 51–70 1,955 20.9 4.3 7.4 Standard error   0.4 0.3 0.3 F, 71+ 1,282 17.0 2.9 5.2 Standard error   0.4 0.2 0.3 All individuals 22,109 23.4 5.6 9.4 Standard error   0.2 0.2 0.2 a M = male, F = female. SOURCE: Iowa State University Department of Statistics, 1999.

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DRI DIETARY REFERENCE INTAKES FOR Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids 10th 25th 50th 75th 90th 95th 99th 12.9 17.1 22.4 28.5 34.7 38.6 46.7 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.8 1.0 0.9 2.2 14.8 19.0 24.1 30.0 36.4 40.9 50.7 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.9 1.1 1.2 2.1 15.5 19.4 24.4 30.3 36.4 40.5 48.9 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.8 0.9 2.6 15.7 20.2 26.0 32.5 38.9 43.0 51.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.7 1.0 14.0 18.9 25.0 31.8 39.1 44.0 54.6 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.8 1.8 10.0 14.5 20.7 28.0 35.6 40.6 51.0 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.8 1.2 6.1 9.3 14.1 20.3 26.7 30.9 39.5 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.8 2.1 14.5 18.2 23.1 29.3 36.0 40.6 50.7 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.7 13.9 17.6 22.5 28.2 34.1 38.0 46.0 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.7 1.0 1.7 14.1 18.4 23.6 29.9 36.9 41.9 53.2 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.8 1.1 2.0 12.2 16.4 21.9 28.3 34.8 39.0 47.8 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.3 9.5 13.7 19.5 26.6 34.2 39.3 50.1 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.7 6.8 10.3 15.4 22.0 29.4 34.6 45.9 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.7 11.9 16.5 22.4 29.1 36.1 40.7 50.8 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.8