BMI

Body mass index

CARET

Carotene and Retinol Efficacy Trial

Carotenodermia

Yellow discoloration of the skin with elevated plasma carotene concentrations

α-CEHC

2,5,7,8-tetramethyl-2-(2′-carboxyethyl)-6-hydroxychroman

γ-CEHC

2,7,8-trimethyl-2-(2′-carboxyethyl)-6-hydroxychroman

CHAOS

Cambridge Heart Antioxidant Study

CHD

Coronary heart disease

CLAS

Cholesterol Lowering Atherosclerosis Study

CSFII

Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals—a survey conducted by the Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture

CV

Coefficient of variation: mean ÷ standard deviation

DDS

Delayed dermal sensitivity

DHA

Dehydroascorbic acid

DNA

Deoxyribonucleic acid

Dose-response assessment

Second step in a risk assessment, in which the relationship between nutrient intake and adverse effect (in terms of incidence or severity of the effect) is determined

DRI

Dietary Reference Intake

DTH

Delayed-type hypersensitivity

EAR

Estimated Average Requirement

F2-isoprostane

Indicator of oxidative lipid damage and free-radical generation

FAO

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Fore milk

Human milk collected at the beginning of an infant feeding



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