Selenite and selenate

Inorganic selenium, the forms found in many dietary supplements

Selenomethionine and selenocysteine

Major dietary forms of selenium

Selenosis

Selenium toxicity characterized by hair loss and nail sloughing

SEM

Standard error of the mean

SOD

Superoxide dismutase

TBARS

Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, a nonspecific measure of lipid peroxidation

TD

Tardive dyskinesia

α-TE

α-Tocopherol equivalent

TEAC

Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity

α-Tocopherol

The only form of vitamin E that is maintained in human plasma and thus it is the only form utilized to estimate the vitamin E requirement.

TRAP

Total radical-trapping antioxidant capability

α-TTP

α-Tocopherol transfer protein

UF

Uncertainty factor—number by which the NOAEL (or LOAEL) is divided to obtain the UL; the size of the UF varies depending on the confidence in the data and the nature of the adverse effect

UL

Tolerable Upper Intake Level

USDA

U.S. Department of Agriculture

USP

U.S. Pharmacopeia

VCAM-1

Vascular cell adhesion molecule

Vitamin E

The 2R-stereoisomeric forms of α-tocopherol (RRR-, RSR-, RRS-, and RSS-α-tocopherol)

VLDL

Very low density lipoproteins

WHO

World Health Organization



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