Butts, R.F. (1955). A cultural history of Western education. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Cubberley, E.P. (1920). The history of education. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

Elley, R. (1992). How in the world do students read? The Hague, The Netherlands: International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement.

Fuson, K.C., Smith, S.T., & Lo Cicero, A.M. (1997). Supporting Latino first graders’ ten-structured thinking in urban classrooms. Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 28, 738–766.

Griffin, S., Case, R., & Siegler, R.S. (1994). Rightstart: Providing the central conceptual prerequisites for first formal learning of arithmetic to students at risk for school failure. In K.McGilly (Ed.), Classroom lessons: Integrating cognitive theory and classroom practice. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press/Bradford Books.

James, W. (1958). Talks to teachers. New York: Norton. (Original work published 1899)

Kouba, V.L., & Wearne, D. (2000). Whole number properties and operations. In E.A. Silver & P.A.Kenney (Eds.), Results from the seventh mathematics assessment of the National Assessment of Educational Progress (pp. 141–161). Reston, VA: National Council of Teachers of Mathematics.

Moore, D.W., Bean, T.W., Birdyshaw, D., & Rycik, J.A. (1999). Adolescent literacy: A position statement for the Commission on Adolescent Literacy of the International Reading Association. Newark, DE: International Reading Association. Summary available: http://www.reading.org/pdf/1036.pdf. [July 19, 2001].

Snow, C.E., Burns, M.S., & Griffin, P. (Eds.). (1998). Preventing reading difficulties in young children. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. Available: http://books.nap.edu/catalog/6023.html.

Thorndike, E.L. (1922). The psychology of arithmetic. New York: Macmillan.

Wagner, R.K., & Stanovich, K.E. (1996). Expertise in reading. In K.A.Ericsson (Ed.), The road to excellence: The acquisition of expert performance in the arts and sciences, sports, and games (pp. 189–225). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

U.S. Department of Labor, Secretary’s Commission on Achieving Necessary Skills. (1991). What work requires of schools: A SCANS report for America 2000. Washington, DC: Author. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 332 054).

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001

Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement