Computer Science and Telecommunications Board (CSTB), National Research Council. 1997. More Than Screen Deep. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.

Computer Science and Telecommunications Board (CSTB), National Research Council. 1999a. Funding a Revolution: Government Support for Computing Research. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.

Computer Science and Telecommunications Board (CSTB), National Research Council 1999b. Trust in Cyberspace. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.

Council on Competitiveness. 1996. Endless Frontier, Limited Resources: U.S. R&D Policy for Competitiveness. Council on Competitiveness, Washington, D.C., April.

Council on Competitiveness. 1998. Going Global: The New Shape of American Innovation. Council on Competitiveness, Washington, D.C., September.

Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office (CIAO). 2000a. Defending America's Cyberspace: National Plan for Information Systems Protection, Version 1.0, An Invitation to a Dialogue. The White House, Washington, D.C., January. Available online at <http://www.ciao.gov/National_Plan/national_plan%20_final.pdf>.

Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office (CIAO). 2000b. Practices for Securing Critical Information Assets. CIAO, Washington, D.C., January. Available online at <http://www.ciao.gov/CIAO_Document_Library/Practices_For_Securing_Critical_Information_Assets.pdf >.

David, Paul. 1990. “The Dynamo and the Computer: An Historical Perspective on the Modern Productivity Paradox,” The American Economic Review 80(2):355-361, May.

Gray, Jim. 1999. What's Next: A Dozen Information-Technology Research Goals. Technical report MS-TR-99-50, Microsoft Research, Redmond, Washington, June. Available online at HtmlResAnchor http://www.research.microsoft.com/~Gray/.

Leibovich, Mark. 1999. “Microsoft Skims Off Academia's Best for Research Center,” Washington Post, April 5, p. A1.

President's Commission on Critical Infrastructure Protection (PCCIP). 1997. Critical Foun dations: Protecting America's Infrastructures, Washington, D.C., October. Available online at <http://www.ciao.gov/CIAO_Document_Library/PCCIP_Report.pdf>.

President's Information Technology Advisory Committee (PITAC). 1999. Information Technology Research: Investing in Our Future. National Coordination Office for Computing, Information, and Communications , Arlington, Va., February. Available online at <http://www.ccic.gov/ac/report/>.

Schatz, Bruce R. 1997. “Information Retrieval in Digital Libraries: Bringing Search to the Net,” Science 275(5298):327-334, January 17.

Schatz, Bruce R., and Joseph B. Hardin. 1994. “NCSA Mosaic and the World Wide Web: Global hypermedia protocols for the Internet,” Science 265(5174):895-901, August 12.

Stokes, Donald E. 1997. Pasteur's Quadrant: Basic Science and Technological Innovation. Brookings Institution Press, Washington, D.C.

Uchitelle, Louis. 1996. “Basic Research Is Losing Out As Companies Stress Results,” New York Times, pp. A1 and D6, October 8M.

U.S. Department of Commerce, Economics and Statistics Administration . 2000. Digital Economy 2000. U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C., June.

Webre, Philip. 1999. “Current Investments in Innovation,” Congressional Budget Office, Washington, D.C., April.

Ziegler, Bart. 1997. “Lab Experiment: Gerstner Slashed R&D by $1 Billion: For IBM, It May Be a Good Thing, Latest Breakthrough Shows,” Wall Street Journal, October 6, p. A1.

NOTES

1. For a discussion of the influence that debates over federal research policy had on the High Performance Computing and Communications Initiative (HPCCI), see CSTB (1995).



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement