TABLE 1-1: Top 25 Academic Institutions with the Largest Total Number of Postdoctoral Appointments in 1998

Institution

Astronomy

Chemistry

Physics

Biological Sciences

All Academic Institutions

357

3,716

1,859

15,480

Top 25

Harvard University

11

115

44

1,003

University of Calif at San Francisco

319

Stanford University

72

7

423

Johns Hopkins University

53

23

 

292

University of Calif at San Diego

86

54

269

University of Washington

6

28

24

439

University of Calif at Berkeley

35

169

24

475

University of Pennsylvania

52

45

302

University of California, Los Angeles

85

38

213

Duke University

29

 

293

University of Michigan

8

37

30

183

University of Colorado

36

67

 

163

Washington University

35

13

281

Univ of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

60

16

218

Cornell University

63

48

156

University of Minnesota

6

47

21

249

University of Southern California

45

5

125

University of Arizona

51

40

36

188

California Institute of Technology

21

96

54

170

University of Wisconsin-Madison

2

42

17

171

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

78

20

127

Indiana University

36

22

156

Baylor College of Medicine

257

Univ of Texas SW Medical Ctr at Dallas

277

Univ of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Ctr

2

233

Source: 1998 Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Scienceand Engineering

A changing pattern.

By the late 1970s, the pattern of postdoctoral behavior began to change. Numbers of postdocs increased as PhD labor markets weakened. The time spent as postdocs began to lengthen, suggesting difficulty in finding jobs. A substantial number of those receiving PhDs reported that they became postdocs because they had few other options.4

Employment conditions improved somewhat in the mid- and late 1980s, but

4  

Zumeta, W. Extending the Educational Ladder: The Changing Quality and Value of Postdoctoral Study. Lexington, MA: D. C. Heath/Lexington Books, 1985.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement