• Understand measurable attributes of objects and the units, systems, and processes of measurement;

  • Apply appropriate techniques, tools, and formulas to determine measurements.

Data Analysis and Probability Standard

Instructional programs from prekindergarten through grade 12 should enable all students to—

  • Formulate questions that can be addressed with data and collect, organize, and display relevant data to answer them;

  • Select and use appropriate statistical methods to analyze data;

  • Develop and evaluate inferences and predictions that are based on data;

  • Understand and apply basic concepts of probability.

Problem Solving Standard

Instructional programs from prekindergarten through grade 12 should enable all students to—

  • Build new mathematical knowledge through problem solving;

  • Solve problems that arise in mathematics and in other contexts;

  • Apply and adapt a variety of appropriate strategies to solve problems;

  • Monitor and reflect on the process of mathematical problem solving.

Reasoning and Proof Standard

Instructional programs from prekindergarten through grade 12 should enable all students to—

  • Recognize reasoning and proof as fundamental aspects of mathematics;

  • Make and investigate mathematical conjectures;

  • Develop and evaluate mathematical arguments and proofs;

  • Select and use various types of reasoning and methods of proof.

Communication Standard

Instructional programs from prekindergarten through grade 12 should enable all students to—

  • Organize and consolidate their mathematical thinking through communication;

  • Communicate their mathematical thinking coherently and clearly to peers, teachers, and others;

  • Analyze and evaluate the mathematical thinking and strategies of others;

  • Use the language of mathematics to express mathematical ideas precisely.



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