assessment in these suggested ways requires nothing less than the kind of deep reflection on the part of the teacher that frequently leads to a fundamental reorientation to what it means for teachers to teach and for students to learn.
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1 An Introduction to Assessment in the Science Classroom ."
Classroom Assessment and the National Science Education Standards . Washington, DC: The National Academies Press,
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As of 2013, the National Science Education Standards have been replaced by the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS), available as a print book, free PDF download, and online with our OpenBook platform.
The NGSS offer a detailed description of the key scientific ideas and practices that all students should learn by the time they graduate from high school. The standards are based largely on the 2011 National Research Council report A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas.