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The National Academy of Sciences was chartered by Congress in 1863 as a private, nonprofit organization dedicated to the furtherance of science and engineering for the public welfare. In 1916 the National Research Council was organized, enabling the Academy to draw upon the entire American scientific and technical community in the pursuit of its mandate to provide independent advice to the nation on critical scientific and technical questions.
The Smithsonian Institution was created by act of Congress in 1846 in accordance with the will of the Englishman, James Smithson, who in 1826 bequeathed his property to the United States of America, “to found at Washington, under the name of the Smithsonian Institution, an establishment for the increase and diffusion of knowledge among men.” The Smithsonian has since evolved into an institution devoted to public education, research and national service in the arts, sciences and history. This independent federal establishment is the world’s largest museum complex and is responsible for public and scholarly activities, exhibitions and research projects nationwide and overseas.
The National Forum on BioDiversity was developed by the Board on Basic Biology of the National Research Council’s Commission on Life Sciences and by the Smithsonian Institution’s Directorate of International Activities.
The views expressed in this book are solely those of the individual authors and are not necessarily the views of the National Academy of Sciences or of the Smithsonian Institution.
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
National Forum on Biodiversity (1986: Washington, D.C.)
Biodiversity/Edward O.Wilson, editor, Frances M.Peter, associate editor,
“Papers from the National Forum on BioDiversity held September 21–25, 1986, in Washington, D.C., under the cosponsorship of the National Academy of Sciences and the Smithsonian Institution.”
ISBN 0-309-03783-2. ISBN 0-309-03739-5 (pbk.)
1. Biological diversity conservation—Congresses. 2. Biological diversity—Congresses. I. Wilson, Edward Osborne, 1929–II. Peter, Frances M. III. National Academy of Sciences (U.S.) IV. Smithsonian Institution. V. Title.
First Printing, March 1988
Second Printing, May 1988
Third Printing, October 1988
Fourth Printing, May 1989
Fifth Printing, September 1989
Sixth Printing, May 1990
Seventh Printing, November 1990
Eighth Printing, August 1991
Ninth Printing, March 1992
Tenth Printing, January 1993
Eleventh Printing, January 1994
Twelfth Printing, April 1995
Thirteenth Printing, October 1996
Fourteenth Printing, February 1999
Copyright © 1988 by the National Academy of Sciences
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