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APPENDIX D Miscellaneous Data TABLE D1 Estimates of the Total Population of the United States, by Age Group, 1971-2081 233 D2 NIH/ADAMHA/HRSA Expenditures for Research Training Programs, 1971-83 ($ millions) 234 D3 NRSA Training Expenditures as a Percentage of NIH/ADAMHA/HRSA Research Obligations, 19 71-83 ($ millions) 235 D4 Classif ications of Fields 236 231

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233 APPENDIX TABLE D1 Estimates of the Total Population of the United States, by Age Group, 1971-2081a/ Age Group Fiscal Year 15-19 Years 20-24 Years 25-29 Years 1971 19,333 17,202 13,736 1972 19,789 18, 159 14,041 1973 20,296 18,153 15,240 1974 20,719 18,521 15,786 1975 21,042 18,975 16,521 1976 21,285 19,527 17,280 1977 21,534 19,986 18,274 1978 21,540 20,499 18,277 1979 21,496 20,946 18,683 1980 21 ,402 21 ,297 19, 178 1981 21,123 21,605 19,763 1982 20,433 21 ,938 20, 173 1983 19,845 21,935 20,769 ( Projected - Mi dd 1 e Ser i e s ) 1984 19,180 21,871 21,170 1985 18,658 21,706 21,527 1986 18,416 21,301 21,83E 1987 18,419 20,600 22, 166 1988 18,192 19,999 22,151 1989 17,934 19,338 22,088 1990 17,465 18,820 21,925 1991 16,968 18,580 21,522 1996 16,968 17, 142 18,822 2001 18,943 17, 145 17,396 2006 19,689 19, 1 13 17,403 2011 19,1 14 19,857 19,362 2016 18, 133 19,285 20, 102 2021 17,958 18,308 19,533 2026 18,481 18, 135 18,562 2031 18,948 18,654 18,389 2036 18,863 19, 120 18,906 2041 18,465 19,035 19,370 2046 18,205 18,640 19,286 2051 18,251 18,381 18,892 2056 18,393 18,426 18,635 2061 18,377 18,568 18,681 2066 18, 177 18,552 18,822 2071 17,985 18,353 18,806 2076 17,926 18, 162 18,608 2081 17,940 18,103 18,418 a/From the U.S. Bureau of the Census (1965-84). Overseas. Includes armed forces

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236 APPENDIX TABLE D4 Classifications of Fields NIHa BIOMEDICAL SCIENCES General Medical and Biological Sciences * Anatomy * Biochemistry * Biophysics Microbiology * Pathology * Pharmacology * Physiology Multidisciplinaryb Radiation, Nonclinical Entomology * Genetics * Nutrition Hydrobiology Ecology *Cell Biology *Zoology Botany *Biology JET *Other Gen. Med. and Bio. Sci. Environmental Sciences * Toxicology Alathemancs, Physical Sciences. Engir~cenng, Other Mathematics CherIiis~y Physics Earth and Related Sciences Agricultural Fields Engineerin.g Engineenag, Health-Related Other Health-Related Fields * Biostatistics * Epidemiology Co=it' and Environmental Health Accident Prevention Disease Prevention and Control Maternal and Child Health Dental Public Health Mental Health Hospital and Medical Care Other Community Health Radiological Health Water Pollution Control Air Pollution Environmental Engineenng Food Protection Occupational Health Health Administration Social Wow PLY Over Health-Related Professions Other Environmental Health Ficlds ADAMHAC BIOMEDICAL SCIENCES *Anatomy Mathematics, Physical Sciences, Anatomy Histology Engineering, Other Pathology Experimental Pathology Cell Biology Embryology * Biology Radicbiology Entomology Nutrition Molecular Biology Zoology Botany Biology Developmental Biology Neurobiology Teratology Aging Process Oral Biology Genetics Genetics Mutagenesis Chemistry Biochemistry Biomaterials Chemistry Polymer Chemistry Medicinal Chemistry Organic Cheniis~y Physical Chemistry Inorganic Chemistry PhysicslEngineering Biophysics Radiation Physics Biomedical Engineering Environmental Engineering Physics Engineering Other flcalth-Rclated Ficlds StatisticslEpidemiologyl Computer Scicnecs Microbiologyllmrnunology ~ Biostatistics Epidemiology Wonnation Sciences Mathematics Statistics Computer Sciences Microbiology Bactenology Immunology Mycology Parasitology Virology *Pharrnacol;ogy Pharmacology *Physiology Physiology Reproductive Physiology Endocrinology Communicative Sciences Physiological Optics * Toxicology Toxicology Aquatic Environmental Forensic Inhalation OccupationalJSafety NASH BASIC BIOMEDICAL SCIENCES Anatomy Embryology Human and Animal Physiology Biochemistry Molecular Biology Biomathematics Biometncs and Biostatistics Biomedical Engineering Biophysics Environmental Sciences Environmental Health General Biological Sciences Human and Animal Genetics Immunology Parasitology Microbiology Bacteriology Neurosciences Human and Animal Pathology Pharmaceutical ChemistIy Human and Animal Pharmacology Pharmacy Public Health Epidemiology Hospital Administration Veterinary Medicine Zoology Cell Biology/Cytology Nutritional Sciences/ Dietetics Food Science and Technology Endocrinology Toxicology Other Biological Sciences Medicine and Surgery Dentistry Optometry, Ophthalmology General Health, Medical Sciences Other HealWMedical Sciences

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237 APPENDIX TABLE D4 Classifications of Fields (Continued) NlHa ADA~HAC NASH BEllAVIORAL SCIENCES Psychology General and Experunental Comparative and Animal Physiological Developmental Personality Social-Psychological Aspects Abnormal Clinical Education, Counseling, and Guidance Other Psychological Other Behavioral Sciences Sociology Social Psychology~Sociological Aspects Anthropology Social Sciences and Rela.-ed Disciplines Other Fields CHNICAL SCIENCES Internal Medicine Allergy Pediatrics Geriatrics Obstetrics~ynecology Radiology Surgery Otorhinolaryngol ogy Ophthalmology Anesthesiology Neuropsychiatry Neurology Psychiatry Preventive Medicine Other Clinical Medicine Vetennary Medicine Clinical Dentistry NURSING RESEARCH BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES Psychology Experimental and General Psychophysics Physiological Psychology and Psychobiology Developmental and Child Personality Social Cor~ununity and Ecological Other Behavioral Sciences Health Administration and Public Health Education and Guidance Sociology Demography or Population Dynamics Anthropology Linguistics Social Sciences and Related Disciplines Economics Political Science Bioethics Social/Behavioral Sciences CLINICAL SCIENCES Psychiatry Other Clinical Medicine Nursing Social Work Clinical Psychology BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES Psychology General Clinical Cognitive Counseling and Guidance Developmental and Gerontological Educational School Experimental Comparative Physiologic a] Quantitative Social Industrial and Organizational Personality Human Engineering Behavior/Ethology Other Psychology Other Behavioral Sciences Anthropology Sociology Audiology and Speech Pathology * These fields correspond to those defined by the committee as the Basic Biomedical Sciences. See NRC (197~81, 1977 Report, p. 29). a Since 1962, NIH has used a classification scheme called the DisciplinelSpecialty/Field Code (DSF) to classify areas of Gaining for its trainees and fellows. Lee major categories of that scheme are shown in this table. Hey have been grouped into 4 broad areas of research that the committee has established for purposes of this study. b Most of the trainees in the Medical Scientist Training Program are classified in this category. c These fields represent the lexicon established by ADAMHA to classify areas of Gaining for its NRSA trainees and fellows. l~hcsc fields are used by the National Research Council's Survey of Doctorates and Survey of Doctorate Recipients to identify fields of Pb.D. specialization and fields of employment.