F
Acronyms and Abbreviations


ACh

acetylcholine

AChE

acetylcholinesterase

AFTAC

Air Force Technical Applications Center

AIDS

acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

ALP

alkaline phosphatase

APA

American Psychiatric Association

ATP

adenosine triphosphate

ATSDR

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry

A-V

atrioventricular

AVIP

Anthrax Vaccine Immunization Program


BBB

blood–brain barrier

BEIR

Committee on the Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation

BMG

beta2-microglobulin

BuChE

butyrylcholinesterase


CARC

chemical agent-resistant coating

CAS

Chemical Abstracts Service

CDC

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CEDR

Comprehensive Epidemiology Data Resource (DOE)

CFS

chronic fatigue syndrome



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OCR for page 378
Gulf War and Health: Volume 1. Depleted Uranium, Sarin, Pyridostigmine Bromide, Vaccines F Acronyms and Abbreviations ACh acetylcholine AChE acetylcholinesterase AFTAC Air Force Technical Applications Center AIDS acquired immunodeficiency syndrome ALP alkaline phosphatase APA American Psychiatric Association ATP adenosine triphosphate ATSDR Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry A-V atrioventricular AVIP Anthrax Vaccine Immunization Program BBB blood–brain barrier BEIR Committee on the Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation BMG beta2-microglobulin BuChE butyrylcholinesterase CARC chemical agent-resistant coating CAS Chemical Abstracts Service CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CEDR Comprehensive Epidemiology Data Resource (DOE) CFS chronic fatigue syndrome

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Gulf War and Health: Volume 1. Depleted Uranium, Sarin, Pyridostigmine Bromide, Vaccines CHPPM Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine (U.S. Army) CI confidence interval CIA Central Intelligence Agency CNS central nervous system CW chemical warfare DBS Division of Biological Standards DEET N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide DNA deoxyribonucleic acid DoD Department of Defense DOE Department of Energy DSM-III Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Third Edition DTP diphtheria–tetanus–pertussis DU depleted uranium EAE experimental allergic encephalomyelitis EEG electroencephalogram EKG electrocardiogram EF edema factor ELISA enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay EMG electromyography ERP event-related potential FDA Food and Drug Administration FEV forced expiratory volume FFMPC Fernald Feed Materials Production Center FOIA Freedom of Information Act FR fixed ratio FSH follicle-stimulating hormone GABA gamma-aminobutyric acid GAO General Accounting Office GC-MS gas chromatograph–mass spectroscopy gd gestational day GGT gamma-glutamyltransferase GH growth hormone GHRH GH-releasing hormone Hg mercury HI-6 1-[[[4-(aminocarbonyl)pyridinio]methoxy]methyl]-2-(hydroxyimino)methyl]-pyridinium dichloride monohydrate HIAA 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid

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Gulf War and Health: Volume 1. Depleted Uranium, Sarin, Pyridostigmine Bromide, Vaccines HIB Haemophilus influenzae type B HIV human immunodeficiency virus HLA human leukocyte antigen HPA hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal HSV herpes simplex virus HT 5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin) IC immunoconglutinin ICD-9-CM International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification ICRP International Commission on Radiological Protection IDPN iminodipropionitrile Ig immunoglobulin i.m. intramuscular IMPA isopropyl methylphosphonic acid IND Investigational New Drug IOM Institute of Medicine IPV inactivated poliovirus vaccine IRS Internal Revenue Service i.v. intravenous LD50 median lethal dose LDH lactate dehydrogenase LF lethal factor LH luteinizing hormone MCS multiple chemical sensitivity MDPH Michigan Department of Public Health MeSH Medical Subject Headings MHC major histocompatibility complex MMPI Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory MMR measles–mumps–rubella MPA methylphosphonic acid mRNA messenger ribonucleic acid MSAEFI Monitoring System for Adverse Events Following Immunization MTD maximum tolerated dose MTP muramyl tripeptide NAG N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase NIAID National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases NIH National Institutes of Health

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Gulf War and Health: Volume 1. Depleted Uranium, Sarin, Pyridostigmine Bromide, Vaccines NIOSH National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health NLM National Library of Medicine NP neuropsychological NRC National Research Council NTE neuropathy target esterase NTIS National Technical Information Service OCLC Online Computer Library Center OP organophosphate OPIDN organophosphate-induced delayed neuropathy OPV oral polio vaccine OR odds ratio OSAGWI Office of the Special Assistant for Gulf War Illnesses (DoD) PEmax, Pimax peak expiratory flow, peak inspiratory flow PA protective antigen PAC Presidential Advisory Committee PAH p-aminohippurate 2-PAM praloxidime chloride PB pyridostigmine bromide PD pharmacodynamics PEF peak expiratory flow PEP primate equilibrium platform PK pharmacokinetics PL prolactin POMC pro-opiomelanocortin PON1 paraoxonase/arylesterase 1 PPS postpoliomyelitis syndrome PTSD posttraumatic stress disorder PVR peripheral vascular resistance Rc airway resistance RBC red blood cell REM rapid eye movement RF rheumatoid factor RNA ribonucleic acid RNMCB Reserve Naval Mobile Construction Battalion RR relative risk SAM surface-to-air missile s.c. subcutaneous

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Gulf War and Health: Volume 1. Depleted Uranium, Sarin, Pyridostigmine Bromide, Vaccines SCID-NP Structured Clinical Interview SF-36 Short Form-36 (Medical Outcome Study) SLE systemic lupus erythematosus SMR standardized mortality ratio SSA Social Security Administration SWA Southwest Asia Ta tantalum TNF tumor necrosis factor TOCP tri-o-cresyl phosphate U uranium U.K. United Kingdom UNSCOM United Nations Special Commission on Iraq USAMRIID U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases U.S. NRC U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission VA Department of Veterans Affairs (formerly, Veterans Administration) VAERS Vaccine Adverse Events Reporting System VC vital capacity WHO World Health Organization