Appendix B

Authors of Suggested Grand Challenges

Neil Adger, University of East Anglia

Harold Agnew, San Diego Supercomputer Center

Alwynelle Ahl, United States Department of Agriculture

William M. Alexander, California Polytechnic State University

Bernard Amos, Duke University

Joe Anderson, Paper, Allied-Industrial, Chemical, and Energy Workers International Union

Silvia Austerlic, Antioch University of Seattle

Paul Baker, Duke University

William A. Bartlett, Leonardtown, MD

Rebecca Belling, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

Lee E. Benda, Earth Systems Institute

Heiner Benking, Forschungsinstitut Für Anwendungsorientierte Wissensverarbeitung Ulm, Germany

Helge Berglann, University of Oslo, Norway

R. Stephen Berry, University of Chicago

David L. Bish, Los Alamos National Laboratory

William Blomquist, Indiana University

Ken Bone, Del Mar High School, San Jose, CA

David Boyd, United States Fish and Wildlife Service

Thomas Bragg, University of Nebraska at Omaha

Kenneth H. Brink, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute

David Brower

Gordon E. Brown, Stanford University

Anne Burrill, European Commission

Peter Buseck, Arizona State University



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Grand Challenges in Environmental Sciences Appendix B Authors of Suggested Grand Challenges Neil Adger, University of East Anglia Harold Agnew, San Diego Supercomputer Center Alwynelle Ahl, United States Department of Agriculture William M. Alexander, California Polytechnic State University Bernard Amos, Duke University Joe Anderson, Paper, Allied-Industrial, Chemical, and Energy Workers International Union Silvia Austerlic, Antioch University of Seattle Paul Baker, Duke University William A. Bartlett, Leonardtown, MD Rebecca Belling, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University Lee E. Benda, Earth Systems Institute Heiner Benking, Forschungsinstitut Für Anwendungsorientierte Wissensverarbeitung Ulm, Germany Helge Berglann, University of Oslo, Norway R. Stephen Berry, University of Chicago David L. Bish, Los Alamos National Laboratory William Blomquist, Indiana University Ken Bone, Del Mar High School, San Jose, CA David Boyd, United States Fish and Wildlife Service Thomas Bragg, University of Nebraska at Omaha Kenneth H. Brink, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute David Brower Gordon E. Brown, Stanford University Anne Burrill, European Commission Peter Buseck, Arizona State University

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Grand Challenges in Environmental Sciences Fred Cagle, Pueblo of San Diego Watershed Lynton K. Caldwell, Indiana University Christopher Canaday Valerie Chase, National Aquarium, Baltimore H. H. Cheng, American Society of Agronomy Stuart W. Churchill, University of Pennsylvania Keith Clarke, University of California, Santa Barbara John Cloud, University of California, Santa Barbara Donna K. Cobb Peter Collins, University of California, Santa Barbara Cathy Copley, Illinois Department of Public Health James A. Crutchfield, University of Washington (retired) Claire Hope Cummings, Food and Farming Forum Kevin P. Czajkowski, University of Toledo Wim A. de Bruyn, ZERO, Brussels, Belgium Joan E. Denton, California Environmental Protection Agency Francis A. DiGiano, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Denny Dobbin, North Carolina William E. Easterling, Pennsylvania State University Isidore S. Edelman, Columbia University Paul R. Epstein, Harvard University Medical School Gary W. Ernst, Stanford University Ronald Estabrook, University of Texas Rick Farnell, Yukon Department of Renewable Resources John Felleman, State University of New York, Syracuse Mark E. Fernau, Earth Tech, Inc., Concord, MA Ann Fisher, The Pennsylvania State University Gustavo Fonseca, Center for Applied Biodiversity Science, Conservation International Ralph Franklin, Clemson University Anne Frondorf, U.S. Geological Survey Wilford Gardner, Utah State University Daniel Gerber, University of Massachusetts Lewis E. Gilbert, Columbia University Robert H. Giles, Jr., Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University Ann Gill, Mecklenburg County, Charlotte, NC Daniel Gilrein, Cornell Cooperative Extension of Suffolk County Karl Glasener, AESOP Enterprises, Ltd. W. Reid Goforth, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Thomas Gold, Ithaca, NY Marvin Goldberger, University of California, San Diego Dan Golomb, University of Massachusetts, Lowell William Gordon, Rice University Carmine Gorga Charles Greene, Cornell University Robert J. Gregory, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand

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Grand Challenges in Environmental Sciences Jerry Gross, Harvard University School of Medicine Gordon Haas, British Columbia Ministry of Fisheries Peter M. Haas, University of Massachusetts William Harmon, Carrollton, TX James Harsh, Washington State University Richard Hegg, United States Department of Agriculture-Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service Grant Heiken, Los Alamos National Laboratory William D. Henriques, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry Colin Henry, Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, Australia Robert A. Herendeen, Illinois Natural History Survey William H. Herke, Louisiana State University David Hicks, University of Bath Frank Hole, Yale University James Holton, University of Washington Ted Howard John Humphreys Daniel H. Janzen, University of Pennsylvania Thomas C. Johnson, University of Minnesota Kenneth Y. Kaneshiro, University of Hawaii John Kappenman, Minnesota Power Company Mick Kelly, University of East Anglia Karen Kempster, Rancho Cordova, CA Robert W. Keyes, IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center (Emeritus) Roland A. Knapp, University of California Walter Kohn, University of California, Santa Barbara Doug La Follette, State of Wisconsin Sam Lammie, U.S. National Park Service Louis J. Lanzerotti, Lucent Technologies Henry Lardy, University of Wisconsin Alexander Leaf, Harvard University W. Christopher Lenhardt, Columbia University Mike Levine, University of California, Berkeley Richard Levins, Harvard University William Lewis, University of Colorado Y. Q. Li R. K. Liu Max Loewenstein, National Aeronautics and Space Administration Robert Loewy, Georgia Tech University David E. Loper, Florida State University Nick Loux, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Richard Lowenberg, Davis Community Network & Yolo Area Regional Network Mark Lubell, State University of New York, Stony Brook Harvey F. Ludwig, Seatec International Consulting Engineers, Bangkok, Thailand Roger Lukas, University of Hawaii Richard Luthy, Stanford University

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Grand Challenges in Environmental Sciences Michael C. MacCracken, United States Global Change Research Program Luisa Maffi, Northwestern University Thomas F. Malone, Connecticut Academy of Sciences and Engineering Greg Mandt, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association Carl N. McDaniel, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Michael Vincent McGinnis, University of California, Santa Barbara Alan McIntosh, University of Vermont Peter Meisen, Global Energy Network Institute William Merrill, Smithsonian Institution Dwight F. Metzler, Topeka, KS Daniel J. Miller, Earth Systems Institute Roberta Balstad Miller, Columbia University Hugh H. Mills, Tennessee Technological University James I. Mills, Lockhead-Martin Idaho Technologies Forrest M. Mims III, Sun Photometer Atmospheric Network François Morel, Princeton University Lowell E. Moser, Crop Science Society of America Richard A. Muller, University of California, Berkeley Arthur Noll, North Vassalboro, ME Charles O'Melia, The Johns Hopkins University Michael O'Neill, U.S. Department of Agriculture Lenora A. Oftedahl, Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission, Portland George A. Olah, University of Southern California Antoni K. Oppenheim, University of California, Berkeley (Emeritus) Stan A. Orchard, Canadian Amphibian and Reptile Conservation Network Elisabeth Pate-Cornell, Stanford University Anthony Patt, Harvard University William George Paul, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University Merrilynn J. Penner, University of Maryland Naraine Persaud, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University S. George Philander, Princeton University Ronald L. Phillips, Crop Science Society of America John A. Piatt, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Incigul Polat, Scientific and Technical Research Council of Turkey Franklin Wayne Poley, Culturex, Vancouver, BC Warren Porter, University of California, Santa Barbara Darrell Posey, Oxford University John Pozzi, Global Resource Bank Robert A. Rapp, Ohio State University David J. Rapport, International Society for Ecosystem Health Christopher J. Raxworthy, University of Kansas Peter Rhines, University of Washington

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Grand Challenges in Environmental Sciences Ed Rhodes, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association Robert Rhodes, Baton Rouge, LA Clifford P. Rice, United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service Elizabeth Rieben, Bureau of Land Management Norman Robbins, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine Eugene A. Rosa, Washington State University Norbert Ross, Northwestern University Daniel Sarewitz, Columbia University A. Cemal Saydam, Middle East Technical University Raymond Schmitt, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Stephen H. Schneider, Stanford University Martin E.P. Seligman, University of Pennsylvania Hamide Senyuva, Scientific and Technical Research Council of Turkey Robert Serafin, National Center for Atmospheric Research Julia Shaw, The Swire Institute of Marine Science, Hong Kong S. Fred Singer, George Mason University Fred Sissine, Congressional Research Service Ian Small, Medicins Sans Frontieres, Tashkent, Uzbekistan Dale R. Smith, University of Georgia Margaret E. Smith, Cornell University Lee Snyder, U.S. Air Force Consultant Susan Solomon, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association Richard E. Spalding, Sandia National Laboratories Suzanne Spradling, Oklahoma State University Franklin W. Stahl, University of Oregon Chauncey Starr, Electric Power Research Institute Theodore L. Steck, University of Chicago Richard S. Stein, University of Massachusetts Jeffrey I. Steinfeld, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Lawrence E. Stevens, United States Geological Survey Richard Stock, University of Dayton Steven H. Strauss, Oregon State University Kristi L. Sullivan, Cornell University Art Sussman, WestEd, San Francisco Stephen R. Sutton, University of Chicago Johanna Krout Tabin Mark Thiemens, University of California, San Diego Chris Tirpak, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Chadwick A. Tolman, National Science Foundation Gail Tonnesen, University of California, Riverside Cheryl Travis, University of Tennessee, Knoxville Kevin E. Trenberth, National Center for Atmospheric Research R. Rhodes Trussell, Montgomery Watson, Inc., Pasadena, CA Roger Y. Tsien, University of California, San Diego

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Grand Challenges in Environmental Sciences Greg A. Valentine, Los Alamos National Laboratory Joost van der Meer, Medecins Sans Frontieres James R. Van Sant, Oakdale, CA Lisa M. Vandemark, Rutgers University Pier Vellinga, Vrije Universiteit, The Netherlands Stuart Wagenius, University of Minnesota Jeff Waldon, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University John M. Wallace, University of Washington Jaw-Kai Wang, University of Hawaii at Manoa Bess Ward, Princeton University Mary E. Watson, North Carolina Geological Survey Wilford F. Weeks, University of Alaska (retired) Carol Werner, University of Utah Andre Wille, Colorado Division of Wildlife Carl Woese, University of Illinois George M. Woodwell, The Woods Hole Research Center Chang-Yu Wu, University of Florida, Gainesville Peter J. Wyllie, California Institute of Technology Dan Yurman, Idaho Falls, ID Mary Lou Zoback, United States Geological Survey