Appendix E

Acronyms and Abbreviations

AASHTO—

American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials

ACI—

American Concrete Institute

ACM—

Association for Computing Machinery

ACR—

absolute cryogenic radiometer

ACSL—

Advanced Chemical Sciences Laboratory

ADL—

architecture description language

AEC—

architecture-engineering-construction

AES—

Auger electron spectroscopy; Advanced Encryption Standard

AFM—

atomic force microscopy

AFM/FFT—

Advanced Fire Measurements and Fire Fighting Technologies

ALOFT—

a large outdoor fire plume trajectory

AML—

Advanced Measurement Laboratory

AMO—

atomic, molecular, and optical

ANSI—

American National Standards Institute

API—

application programming interfaces

APS—

American Physical Society; advanced proton source; astrophysical and planetary sciences

ARTI—

Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Technology Institute

ASHRAE—

American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-conditioning Engineers

ASTM—

American Society for Testing and Materials

ATF—

(Bureau of) Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms

ATM—

asynchronous transfer mode

ATP—

Advanced Technology Program

BACnet—

Building Automation and Control Network

BEC—

Bose-Einstein condensate

BEES—

Building for Environmental and Economic Sustainability

BFRL—

Building and Fire Research Laboratory



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 271
An Assessment of the NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY MEASUREMENT AND STANDARDS LABORATORIES: Fiscal Year 2000 Appendix E Acronyms and Abbreviations AASHTO— American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials ACI— American Concrete Institute ACM— Association for Computing Machinery ACR— absolute cryogenic radiometer ACSL— Advanced Chemical Sciences Laboratory ADL— architecture description language AEC— architecture-engineering-construction AES— Auger electron spectroscopy; Advanced Encryption Standard AFM— atomic force microscopy AFM/FFT— Advanced Fire Measurements and Fire Fighting Technologies ALOFT— a large outdoor fire plume trajectory AML— Advanced Measurement Laboratory AMO— atomic, molecular, and optical ANSI— American National Standards Institute API— application programming interfaces APS— American Physical Society; advanced proton source; astrophysical and planetary sciences ARTI— Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Technology Institute ASHRAE— American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-conditioning Engineers ASTM— American Society for Testing and Materials ATF— (Bureau of) Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms ATM— asynchronous transfer mode ATP— Advanced Technology Program BACnet— Building Automation and Control Network BEC— Bose-Einstein condensate BEES— Building for Environmental and Economic Sustainability BFRL— Building and Fire Research Laboratory

OCR for page 271
An Assessment of the NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY MEASUREMENT AND STANDARDS LABORATORIES: Fiscal Year 2000 BIPM— Bureau International des Poids et Mésures BMCD— Biological Macromolecule Crystallization Database CAD— computer-aided design CAM— computer-aided manufacturing CBS— Cybernetic Building Systems CCD— charge-coupled device CD— critical dimension CHRNS— Center for High Resolution Neutron Scattering CIKS— computer-integrated knowledge systems CIP— critical infrastructure protection CIRMS— Council on Ionizing Radiation Measurements and Standards CIS(2)— CIMSteel Standard (American Institute for Steel Construction) CISPR— International Special Committee on Radio Interference CMM— coordinate measuring machine CMOS— complementary metal oxide semiconductor CONSiAT— Construction Integration and Automation Technologies CRADA— Cooperative Research and Development Agreement CRDS— cavity ring-down spectrometry CRT— cathode ray tube CSTL— Chemical Science and Technology Laboratory CTCMS— Center for Theoretical and Computational Materials Science CU— University of Colorado CVD— chemical vapor deposition DARPA— Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency DASE— digital TV application software environment DOE— Department of Energy DLMF— Digital Library of Mathematical Functions DMD— differential mode delay DNA— deoxyribonucleic acid DRS— diffuse reflectance spectrometer DUV— deep ultraviolet DVD— digital versatile disc EBIT— electron beam ion trap EBSD— electron backscatter diffraction EDIF— electronic design interchange format EEEL— Electronics and Electrical Engineering Laboratory EFWE— Earthquake, Fire, and Wind Engineering EMC— electromagnetic compatibility; Enhanced Machine Controller EMI— electromagnetic interference ENDF— Evaluated Nuclear Data File EPA— Environmental Protection Agency EPR— electron paramagnetic resonance EUV— extreme ultraviolet FARCAL— Facility for Advanced Radiometric Calibrations FASCAL— Facility for Automatic Spectroradiometric Calibrations FBG— fiber Bragg grating

OCR for page 271
An Assessment of the NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY MEASUREMENT AND STANDARDS LABORATORIES: Fiscal Year 2000 FBI— Federal Bureau of Investigation FCC— Federal Communications Commission FDD— fault detection and diagnostics FDS— Fire Dynamics Simulator FE/DE— fire emulator/detector evaluator FEMA— Federal Emergency Management Agency FIATECH— Fully Integrated and Automated Technologies FRA— Federal Railroad Administration FRP— fiber-reinforced polymer FSM— Fire Safe Materials FTIR— Fourier transform infrared FTMW— Fourier transform microwave FTS— Fourier transform spectrometer GaAs— gallium arsenide GAMS— Guide to Available Mathematical Software GC— gas chromatography GC/MS— gas chromatography/mass spectrometry GenCAM— Generic Computer-Aided Manufacturing GMR— giant magnetoresistance GPS— Global Positioning System HACR— high-accuracy cryogenic radiometer HCN— hydrogen cyanide HFBR— high-flux beam reactor HFBS— high-flux backscattering spectrometer HFIR— high-flux isotope reactor HHI— Healthy Homes Initiative HP-ICP-OES— high-performance inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry HST— Hubble Space Telescope HUD— Department of Housing and Urban Development HVAC— heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning HVAC/R— heating, ventilation, air-conditioning, and refrigeration IAEA— International Atomic Energy Agency IAI— International Alliance for Interoperability IC— integrated circuit ICP— inductively coupled plasma IEC— International Electrotechnical Commission IEEE— Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers IETF— Internet Engineering Task Force IFCs— industry foundation classes IFS— Industrial Fire Simulation System IGBT— insulated gate bipolar transistor IMPI— interoperable message passing interface IMS— instructional management systems IP— Internetwork Protocol IPC— Institute of Interconnecting and Packaging Electronic Circuits IPsec— Internetwork Protocol Security

OCR for page 271
An Assessment of the NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY MEASUREMENT AND STANDARDS LABORATORIES: Fiscal Year 2000 IR— infrared; information retrieval ISSC— Information System to Support Calibrations ISO— International Organization for Standardization IT— information technology ITL— Information Technology Laboratory ITRS— International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors ITSPT— Information Technology Services Planning Team IUPAC— International Union for Pure and Applied Chemistry JamPack— Java matrix package JEDEC— Joint Electron Device Engineering Council JVEDI— Java virtual environment device interface LANL— Los Alamos National Laboratory LANs— local area networks LBIR— low background IR LC— liquid chromatography LEDs— light-emitting diodes LISA— laser interferometer space antenna LMDS— Local Multipoint Distribution Service LTE— Lagrangian thermal element MALDI— matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization MANETs— mobile ad hoc networks MARITECH— Marine Technology MBC— medium background chamber MBE— molecular beam epitaxy MEL— Manufacturing Engineering Laboratory MEMS— microelectromechanical systems MERLiN— modeling evaluation and research of lightwave networks MOIST— moisture flow analysis software program MMIC— monolithic microwave integrated circuit MMS— Minerals Management Service MRA— mutual recognition agreement MRAM— magnetic random access memory MS— mass spectrometry MSB— Metrology for Sustainable Buildings MSEL— Materials Science and Engineering Laboratory MSL— Measurement and Standards Laboratories MST— microstructure technology NAMT— National Advanced Manufacturing Testbed NCNR— NIST Center for Neutron Research NFG— nonfederal government (agencies) NIF— National Ignition Facility (DOE) NIH— National Institutes of Health NIST— National Institute of Standards and Technology NISTAR— NIST advanced radiometer NMI— national measurement institute NMR— nuclear magnetic resonance

OCR for page 271
An Assessment of the NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY MEASUREMENT AND STANDARDS LABORATORIES: Fiscal Year 2000 NOAA— National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NORAMET— North American Metrology Organization NRC— National Research Council NSE— neutron spin echo NSF— National Science Foundation NSOM— near-field scanning optical microscopy NTRM— NIST Traceable Reference Material N-WEST— National Wireless Electronic Systems Testbed OA— other agency OAE— Office of Applied Economics OASIS— Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards OATS— open-area test site OIDA— Optoelectronics Industry Development Association OLES— Office of Law Enforcement Standards OOF— object-oriented finite-element (analysis system) OOMMF— object-oriented micromagnetic framework OptSim— optical communication systems simulator OSEP— Optical Science and Engineering Program PATH— Partnership for Advancing Technologies in Housing PDB— Protein Data Bank PDM— product data management PHAML— Parallel Hierarchical Adaptive Multilevel project PHPCT— Partnership for High-Performance Concrete Technologies PKI— public key infrastructure PL— Physics Laboratory PLTMG— piecewise linear triangle multigrid PMD— polarization mode dispersion PSSH— Performance Standards Systems for Housing PVD— physical vapor deposition QPD— Quantum Physics Division RBAC— role-based access control RCS— radar cross section; real-time control systems REFLEAK— refrigerant mixture leakage behavior REFPROP— refrigerant properties database RF— radio frequency RIF— reduction in force RNA— ribonucleic acid RTP— rapid thermal processing SAM— self-assembling monolayer SANS— small-angle neutron scattering SCM— scanning capacitance microscopy SCS— Standards and Codes Services SEM— scanning electron microscope SEMATECH— Semiconductor Manufacturing Technology Consortium SEMPA— scanning electron microscopy for polarization analysis SET— single electron tunneling

OCR for page 271
An Assessment of the NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY MEASUREMENT AND STANDARDS LABORATORIES: Fiscal Year 2000 SFG— sum-frequency generation SHMOKE— second harmonic magneto-optic Kerr effect SI— International System of Units SIA— Semiconductor Industry Association SIM— Sistemo Interamericano Metrologia SIMS— secondary ion mass spectrometry SIRCUS— spectral irradiance and radiance calibration with uniform sources SLPM— Service Life Prediction of Materials SNS— spallation neutron source sparseBLAS— basic linear algebra subprograms for sparse matrices SPINS— spin-polarized inelastic neutron scattering SRC— Semiconductor Research Corporation SRD— Standard Reference Database SRM— Standard Reference Material STARR— spectral trifunction automated reference reflectometer STEP— standard(s) for the exchange of product model data STM— scanning tunneling microscope STR— short tandem repeat STRS— Scientific and Technical Research and Services SUPERTRAP— NIST4 database on thermophysical properties of hydrocarbon mixtures SURF— Synchrotron Ultraviolet Radiation Facility TIDES— translingual information detection, extraction, and summarization TOF— time of flight TREC— Text Retrieval Conference TXR— thermal-infrared transfer radiometer UCN— ultracold neutron UHV— ultrahigh vacuum ULSI— ultralarge-scale integration USCG— U.S. Coast Guard USFA— U.S. Fire Administration (FEMA) USNRC— U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission UTC— coordinated universal time UV— ultraviolet UV/VIS/NIR— ultraviolet/visible/near infrared VA— (Department of) Veterans Affairs VCBT— virtual cybernetic building testbed VHDL— very high speed integrated circuit hardware description language VRML— virtual reality modeling language VUV— vacuum ultraviolet WDM— wavelength division multiplexing WD XRF— wavelength dispersive x-ray fluorescence XCALIBIR— X-ray Optics Calibration Interferometer XML— extensible markup language 3G— third generation