Acronyms and Abbreviations

ANL

Argonne National Laboratory

bbl

barrel

bhp-h

brake horsepower-hour

CAFÉ

corporate average fuel economy

CARB

California Air Resources Board

CFD

computational fluid dynamics

CHAD

computational hydrodynamics for advanced designs

CNG

compressed natural gas

CO

carbon monoxide

CRADA

cooperative research and development agreement

DDC

Detroit Diesel Corporation

DING

direct-injection natural-gas (engine)

DOE

U.S. Department of Energy

EGR

exhaust gas recirculation

EIA

Energy Information Administration

EPA

Environmental Protection Agency

FY

fiscal year

GTRI

Georgia Tech Research Institute

GVW

gross vehicle weight

HCCI

homogeneous-charge, compression-ignition (engine)

HEV

hybrid electric vehicle

HTML

High Temperature Materials Laboratory

LANL

Los Alamos National Laboratory

LDT

light-duty trucks

LEV

low-emission vehicle

LLNL

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

LNG

liquefied natural gas

MDPV

medium-duty passenger vehicle

mpg

miles per gallon

mph

miles per hour

NASA

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NGV

natural-gas vehicle

NMHC

nonmethane hydrocarbons

NOx

nitrogen oxides

OAAT

Office of Advanced Automotive Technologies

OHVT

Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies

OPEC

Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries

ORNL

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

PING

pilot-injection, natural-gas (engine)

PM

particulate matter

PNGV

Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles

R&D

research and development

SCR

selective catalytic reduction

SING

spark-ignited, natural-gas (engine)

SNL

Sandia National Laboratories

SOP

statement of principles

SULEV

super low-emission vehicle

SUV

sport utility vehicle

TAC

toxic air contaminant

ULEV

ultra low-emission vehicle

VOC

volatile organic compound



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Review of the U.S. Department of Energy's Heavy Vehicle Technologies Program Acronyms and Abbreviations ANL Argonne National Laboratory bbl barrel bhp-h brake horsepower-hour CAFÉ corporate average fuel economy CARB California Air Resources Board CFD computational fluid dynamics CHAD computational hydrodynamics for advanced designs CNG compressed natural gas CO carbon monoxide CRADA cooperative research and development agreement DDC Detroit Diesel Corporation DING direct-injection natural-gas (engine) DOE U.S. Department of Energy EGR exhaust gas recirculation EIA Energy Information Administration EPA Environmental Protection Agency FY fiscal year GTRI Georgia Tech Research Institute GVW gross vehicle weight HCCI homogeneous-charge, compression-ignition (engine) HEV hybrid electric vehicle HTML High Temperature Materials Laboratory LANL Los Alamos National Laboratory LDT light-duty trucks LEV low-emission vehicle LLNL Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory LNG liquefied natural gas MDPV medium-duty passenger vehicle mpg miles per gallon mph miles per hour NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NGV natural-gas vehicle NMHC nonmethane hydrocarbons NOx nitrogen oxides OAAT Office of Advanced Automotive Technologies OHVT Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies OPEC Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries ORNL Oak Ridge National Laboratory PING pilot-injection, natural-gas (engine) PM particulate matter PNGV Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles R&D research and development SCR selective catalytic reduction SING spark-ignited, natural-gas (engine) SNL Sandia National Laboratories SOP statement of principles SULEV super low-emission vehicle SUV sport utility vehicle TAC toxic air contaminant ULEV ultra low-emission vehicle VOC volatile organic compound