Biographical Summaries of Conference Speakers
D. James Baker is administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and under secretary for oceans and atmosphere at the U.S. Department of Commerce. In this position, he is responsible for the National Weather Service; the National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service; the National Marine Fisheries Service; the National Ocean Service; and NOAA's Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research. He serves as the U.S. commissioner to the International Whaling Commission. Dr. Baker also is co-chair of the Committee on Environment and Natural Resources of the National Science and Technology Council and an ex-officio member of the President's Council on Sustainable Development. He is vice chair of the Space Committee of the Gore-Chernomyrdin Commission and the Science and Technology Committee of the U.S.-South Africa Binational Commission. He is also chair of Coastal America, and he has served as acting chair of the Council on Environmental Quality. Dr. Baker has been president of Joint Oceanographic Institutions, Inc., dean of the College of Ocean and Fishery Sciences at the University of Washington, and a faculty member at Harvard University and the University of Rhode Island. He is author of Planet EarthThe View from Space (Harvard University Press, 1990) and has written some 80 articles on climate, oceanography, and space technology issues. Dr. Baker is a fellow of the American Meteorological Society and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He has served on numerous advisory committees for the Clinton Administration, the National Academy of Sciences, and various international bodies.
Raymond Ban is senior vice president of meteorological affairs and operations at The Weather Channel, Inc. and is responsible for overseeing meteorological operations and all meteorological activities of the company. He was among the first employees of The Weather Channel joining the operation in 1982 as an on-camera meteorologist. Before that Mr. Ban was employed by Accu-Weather, Inc., Mr. Ban graduated from Pennsylvania State University (PSU) with a degree in meteorology. He was subsequently named a centennial fellow of the PSU's College of Earth and Mineral Sciences and then an alumni fellow of PSU. Mr. Ban is currently commissioner of professional affairs of the American Meteorological Society, a member of the Science Advisory Committee of the U.S. Weather Research Program, and a member of the board of PSU's College of Earth and Mineral Sciences. He is a past member of the COMET Advisory Panel and the Research and Technical Committee of the Southeast Region Climate Center.
Lynda Clemmons is with the Weather Risk Management Association.1 Previously, she served as vice president at Enron North America (ENA), with primary responsibility for Enron's global weather risk management business. Joining as an analyst in ENA's management development program, she worked through mergers and acquisitions, industrial services, and risk management structuring. In the latter rotation Ms. Clemmons identified the potential for emissions trading. She established the SO2 and NOx emission allowance trading desk and managed it for four years, a role that also led her to be co-founder and treasurer of the Emissions Marketing Association. In 1997 Ms. Clemmons was given additional responsibility for creating and directing Enron's weather trading operations worldwide.
Henry Etzkowitz is director of the Science Policy Institute at the State University of New York at Purchase. He recently published Public Venture Capital: Government Funding Sources for Technology Entrepreneurs with M. Gulbrandsen and J. Levitt (Harcourt, 2000). The Second Academic Revolution: MIT and the Rise of Entrepreneurial Science (Gordon and Breach) and Athena Unbound: The Advancement of Women in Science and Technology with C. Kemelgor and B. Uzzi (Cambridge University Press) are currently in press. Dr. Etzkowitz is the U.S. organizer of the biennial International Conference on University-Industry-Government Relations: The Triple Helix. He is a member of the Board of Advisory Editors of Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy. He is a consultant to the Center for Business and Policy Studies in Stockholm, Sweden, and to the comptroller of the City of New York on science policy.
Usama Fayyad is senior researcher at Microsoft Research where he headed the Data Mining and Exploration Group.2 His research interests include scaling data mining algorithms to large databases, learning algorithms, and statistical pattern recognition, especially classification and clustering. At Microsoft, he also worked on shipping data mining capabilities in products such as Microsoft Commerce Server and Microsoft SQL Server. After receiving a PhD degree from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, he joined the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) where he headed the Machine Learning Systems Group and developed data mining systems for automated science data analysis. Dr. Fayyad received the 1994 NASA Exceptional Achievement Medal and the JPL 1993 Lew Allen Award for Excellence in Research for his work on developing data mining systems to solve challenging science analysis problems in astronomy and remote sensing. He remains affiliated with the JPL as a distinguished visiting scientist. He is a co-editor of Advances in Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining (MIT Press, 1996) and is an editor-in-chief of the journal Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery. Dr. Fayyad was program co-chair of KDD-94 and KDD-95 (the First International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining) and is general chair of KDD-96 and KDD-99. He is a director of the ACM SIGKDD and serves as editor-in-chief of its newsletter SIGKDD Explorations.
Thomas Gay is the president and chief executive officer of VISTA Information Solutions and was a co-founder and president of VISTA Environmental. Prior to VISTA, Mr. Gay was a founder and president of National Decision Systems, a leading company in the marketing and geographic information systems, database, and software industry. Under his direction, National Decision Systems became the largest target marketing and demographic information company in the information industry, known for its pioneering and innovative uses of compact disk technology, marketing decision support systems, market segmentation tools, and geographic analysis systems.
Daniel Gordon is president and chief operating officer of Autometric, Inc., which provides leading-edge applications and services for geospatial data collection, processing, management, and visualization to federal and commercial clients. Mr. Gordon is responsible for technology development and the strategic guidance for all Autometric, Inc. operating groups. Mr. Gordon has over 15 years of experience in managing professional service and product organizations. Mr. Gordon is a recognized expert in the field of digital imagery exploitation of multispectral, radar, electro-optical, and stereo imagery technologies, and has published several papers, including "Imagery Processing and Remote Sensing" and "Multispectral Imagery Analysis in a Military Field Environment." He is also the principal author of Multispectral User's Guide. Prior to joining Autometric, Mr. Gordon served in the U.S. Peace Corps, stationed in Malaysia, where he was involved in the largest reforestry engineering project in the Pacific Rim.
Rush Holt (D-NJ) received his BA in physics from Carleton College in Minnesota and earned his MS and PhD at New York University. Representative Holt has had a career applying science to the public good and has held positions as teacher, congressional scientist fellow, research scientist, and arms control expert for the U.S. Department of State. He has conducted research on solar wind and received a patent for a solar energy device. From 1989 until he began his 1998 congressional campaign, Representative Holt was assistant director of the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, the largest research facility of Princeton University and the largest center for research in alternative energy in New Jersey. In Congress, Representative Holt has won key assignments on the Committee on Education and the Workforce, the Committee on Resources, and the powerful Committee on the Budget. His legislative priorities include protecting our environment and guaranteeing the livability of our communities, improving our schools, reforming healthcare, and saving Social Security.
Floyd Horn is administrator of the Agricultural Research Service (ARS), U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). He has also served as deputy under secretary and acting under secretary for research, education, and economics. As ARS administrator, Dr. Horn oversees the management of national and international research in improved crop and livestock production, pest management, livestock diseases, food safety and biotechnology, human nutrition, and sustainable agriculture. Dr. Horn has also been director of ARS's Southern Plains Area where he provided leadership for all ARS research programs in Oklahoma, Texas, New Mexico, and Arkansas and ARS programs in Mexico and Central America. Before that he was a research animal scientist at the ARS Grazinglands Research Laboratory in Oklahoma, and later became director of that laboratory and associate area director for the ARS Northern States Area in Minnesota. Dr. Horn has been recognized for his initiative and dedication in the development of research programs, and in 1992 received the Presidential Rank Award for Meritorious Service. He received the USDA Honor Award in 1994 for his numerous efforts in equal employment opportunity and workforce diversity, and in 1995 was awarded an honorary doctorate by the Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon for his international outreach work with Mexico. He received a BS degree in animal science from the University of Maine in Orono, and MS and PhD degrees in ruminant nutrition from West Virginia University in Morgantown.
Thomas Karl is director of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Climatic Data Center and also manages the agency's Climate Change Data and Detection Program. He holds a master's degree in meteorology from the University of Wisconsin. Mr. Karl is a fellow of the American Meteorological Society and the American Geophysical Union. He recently completed his chairmanship of the National Research Council's Climate Research Committee. Mr. Karl has received numerous awards for his scholarly work on climate including, the Helmut Landsberg Award; the Climate Institute's Outstanding Scientific Achievements Award; a two-time recipient of the Department of Commerce's Gold Medal and Bronze Medal; and the NOAA Administrator's Award. He is currently the editor of the Journal of Climate and an associate editor for Climate Change. Mr. Karl has been a lead author on each of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Assessments since 1990 and is co-chair of the U.S. National Climate Assessment. Mr. Karl has authored nearly 100 peer-reviewed journal articles, has co-authored or co-edited numerous texts, and has published over 200 technical reports and atlases. He has been called upon by Congress and the White House to testify and brief on matters related to climate variability and change, and currently is co-chair of NOAA's Decadal-to-Centennial Strategic Planning Team.
Donald Lindberg has been director of the National Library of Medicine (NLM) since 1984. He has served concurrently as founding director of the National Coordination Office for High Performance Computing and Communications in the Office of Science and Technology Policy and the U.S. coordinator for the G-7 Global Healthcare Applications Project. In addition to an eminent career in pathology, Dr. Lindberg has made notable contributions to information and computer activities in medical diagnosis, artificial intelligence, and educational programs. Before his appointment as director of NLM, he was professor of information science and professor of pathology at the University of Missouri-Columbia. He has a current academic appointment as adjunct professor of pathology at the University of Maryland School of Medicine. Dr. Lindberg was elected the first president of the American Medical Informatics Association. He has served on many boards, including the Computer Science and Telecommunications Board of the National Research Council, the National Board of Medical Examiners, and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Lindberg is the author of three books: The Computer and Medical Care, Computers in Life Science Research, and The Growth of Medical Information Systems in the United States, several book chapters, and more than 200 articles and reports. He has served as editor and editorial board member of nine publications, including the Journal of the American Medical Association. Dr. Lindberg graduated magna cum laude from Amherst College and received his MD from the College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University.
Bradford Leach is director of electricity and natural gas research for the New York Mercantile Exchange. His current responsibilities include the development of eastern electricity futures markets, evaluation of COB and Palo Verde electricity futures contracts, and continued research oversight of the Henry Hub natural gas futures contract. Past responsibilities have included the platinum, palladium, and residual fuel oil futures contracts. Mr. Leach was previously associated with the American Paper Institute. He is a graduate of Columbia University.
Thomas Mace has a BA in psychology from Ripon College and interdisciplinary MS and PhD in environmental monitoring from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, where he studied applications of remote mapping and monitoring of soils, agroecosystems, water quality, and forests, and on spatial data integration using geographic information systems. Currently, Dr. Mace leads the effort in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Office of Environmental Information to champion and support the use of advanced information science and remote sensing technology in EPA. He is the agency's representative to interagency panels on remote-sensing applications and serves as liaison to the NASA Earth Science Enterprise and an adjunct science team member for MODIS and ASTER instruments. He also serves as the EPA lead contact to and chair of the Data Management Working Group for the National Science and Technology Council's Committee on Environment and Natural Resources, Task Force on Observations and Data Management and Subcommittee on Global Change Research; and serves as a technical expert to EPA and other agencies on the development of environmental monitoring and information systems. His research interests include terrestrial and aquatic remote-sensing applications development, data integration, and the development of spatially-based decision support systems. Current projects include evaluating advanced sensors for environmental analysis and risk assessment and the development of interagency information systems for the environment.
Stephen Maurer is a California attorney specializing in intellectual property litigation. He has handled technology-related disputes for such clients as Apple Computer, IBM, Symantec, Aerojet General Corporation, ROLM Telephone, United Technologies, and Zilog Corporation. In 1998 Mr. Maurer prepared a background paper on the legal, economic, and empirical arguments for and against database protection for the National Research Council's Committee for a Study on Promoting Access to Scientific and Technical Data for the Public Interest (NAP, 1999). This work led to an article that Mr. Maurer co-authored with University of California economics professor Suzanne Scotchmer in Science magazine (May 18, 1999). More recently, Mr. Maurer has specialized in studying how scientific databases are organized and interact with the commercial sector. Portions of this work have appeared in Human Mutation (January 2000) and GeoInfoSystems (February 2000). Mr. Maurer is currently working with members of HUGO's Mutation Database Initiative to establish a community-wide depository for their data. In addition to his database interests, Mr. Maurer is working on an empirical study of the California legal system and a novel re-examination of intellectual property law's "independent invention" defense.
Charles McClure is the first Francis Eppes Professor of Information Studies at the School of Information Studies, Florida State University in Tallahassee, having come to this position from the Syracuse University School of Information Studies, where he was a distinguished professor. He teaches courses in U.S. federal information policies, information resource management, and planning and evaluation of information services. He has written extensively on topics related to U.S. government information, information resource management, and information policy, including Federal Information Policies in the 1990's: Conflicts and Issues (Ablex, 1997). In 1997 he completed the study Evaluation of the Federal Government's Implementation of the Government Information Locator Service funded by the U.S. General Services Administration and published by the U.S. Government Printing Office. He has also completed a study that assessed the U.S. Department of Education Web site. In addition, he was the principal investigator for a project for the National Historical Publications and Records Commission investigating electronic records management on state and federal Web sites. Dr. McClure was the founding editor of Internet Research: Electronic Networking Applications and Policy. He is also the associate editor of Government Information Quarterly, and has edited and participated in a number of theme issues, most recently on information policy issues related to universal service in the global networked environment.
Lita Nelsen is the director of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Technology Licensing Office, which manages over 350 new inventions per year from MIT, the Whitehead Institute, and Lincoln Laboratory. Typically, this office negotiates over 100 licenses and starts up 10 to 15 companies per year. Ms. Nelsen earned BS and MS degrees in chemical engineering from MIT and an MS in management from MIT as a Sloan fellow. Prior to joining the Technology Licensing Office, Ms. Nelsen spent 20 years in industry, primarily in the fields of membrane separations, medical devices, and biotechnology, at such companies as Amicon, Millipore, Arthur D. Little, Inc., and Applied Biotechnology. Ms. Nelsen was the 1992 president of the Association of University Technology Managers and serves on the board of the State of Massachusetts Technology Development Corporation and the Massachusetts Biotechnology Corporation and has served on the boards of the MIT Enterprise Forum, the Cornell Research Foundation, and other boards. She has served as advisor to the NIH, the National Academy of Sciences, and the Office of Technology Assessment. She is widely published in the field of technology transfer and university-industry collaborations. Ms. Nelsen is also the intellectual property advisor to the International AIDS Vaccine Initiative, and was recently elected a fellow of the American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering.
James Restivo is president and founder of Blue Angel Technologies, which specializes in producing standards-based tools for the metadata-and knowledge-enabled software industry. He has been involved with numerous high-tech start up companies throughout his career. Mr. Restivo attended the State University of New York at Stony Brook, where he received his BS in computer science and applied mathematics. He received his MS in computer science from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Steven Richards has served as director of the District Eleven Weather Study (DEWS) Program since 1983 and has been directly associated with K-12 atmospheric science education since 1977. He was among the first teachers to use current weather data in the classroom and is deeply committed to the use of such data in pre-college programs. A member of the American Meteorological Society (AMS), Mr. Richards has worked closely with the Society's Project Atmosphere and with members of the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research/Unidata community to promote this practice. He has served on the AMS education and human resources boards, including the Board on Women and Minorities and Board on School and Popular Meteorological and Oceanographic Education. Richards has served as director of five National Science Foundation projects in support of the DEWS. Mr. Richards is also coordinator for the WeatherWatch Summer Institute, a teacher enhancement program at the City College of New York. He is the recipient of the National Weather Service Public Service Award for his contributions to weather education.
John Rumble, Jr., is chief of the Standard Reference Data Program at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). In this position he oversees more than 35 data activities that cover the full range of physical sciences and engineering. He received a PhD in chemical physics from Indiana University. Prior to joining NIST in 1980, he was at the Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics in Boulder, Colorado, and at the International Atomic Energy Agency in Vienna, Austria. He has also worked as a chemist in industry. In 1993-1994, he was a Department of Commerce fellow working in the Office of Science and Technology Policy. Dr. Rumble has published extensively in atomic and molecular physics and scientific informatics, including several books. He has been active in developing scientific database standards, including an international standard for industrial data exchange. Dr. Rumble is a fellow of the American Society for Testing and Materials and of ASM International, a member of the Russian Federation Academy of Metrology, and recipient of the U.S. Department of Commerce Silver Medal. In 1998 Dr. Rumble was elected president of the Committee on Data for Science and Technology (CODATA) of the International Council of Science.
Barbara Ryan is associate director for operations at the U.S. Geological Survey, with program and policy responsibilities for information, human resources, and administrative services. During her 25-year career with the U.S. Geological Survey, she has worked in seven states and Washington, D.C. As a hydrologist, much of her early career was spent in the field analyzing ground water contamination problems. From 1989 to 1991 she served as a staff assistant to the assistant secretary for water and science at the Department of the Interior. Before becoming associate director, she was an assistant regional hydrologist for the U.S. Geological Survey's National Water Quality Assessment Program--the first comprehensive, systematized assessment of the nation's water quality. She holds a bachelor's degree in geology from the State University of New York at Cortland, a master's degree in geography from the University of Denver, and a master's degree in civil engineering from Stanford University.
Matthew Schwaller is manager of science information technology at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, where he works on the Earth Science Data and Information Project at the Goddard Space Flight Center.
Walter Warnick is as director of the Department of Energy's Office of Scientific and echnical Information. Prior to this, he worked at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory in the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. He has also served as a supervisor in the Energy Information Administration. He has also participated in the multi-agency National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program. Dr. Warnick champions an aggressive effort to capitalize on technological advances in the Information Age. Under Dr. Warnick's leadership, the Office of Scientific and Technology Information is also actively pursuing his vision to build a national library of digital information resources. Dr. Warnick obtained a bachelor's degree in engineering science from the Johns Hopkins University and MS and PhD degrees in mechanical engineering from the University of Maryland.
Please note that following the conference, Ms. Clemmons left the Weather Risk Management Association, and is now chief operating officer at Element Re Capitol Products.
Please note that following the conference, Dr. Fayyad founded MinePoint.com, a new data mining and data warehousing venture, and is no longer with Microsoft Research.