Every year workers' low-back, hand, and arm problems lead to time away from jobs and reduce the nation's economic productivity. The connection of these problems to workplace activities-from carrying boxes to lifting patients to pounding computer keyboards-is the subject of major disagreements among workers, employers, advocacy groups, and researchers.
Musculoskeletal Disorders and the Workplace examines the scientific basis for connecting musculoskeletal disorders with the workplace, considering people, job tasks, and work environments. A multidisciplinary panel draws conclusions about the likelihood of causal links and the effectiveness of various intervention strategies. The panel also offers recommendations for what actions can be considered on the basis of current information and for closing information gaps.
This book presents the latest information on the prevalence, incidence, and costs of musculoskeletal disorders and identifies factors that influence injury reporting. It reviews the broad scope of evidence: epidemiological studies of physical and psychosocial variables, basic biology, biomechanics, and physical and behavioral responses to stress. Given the magnitude of the problem-approximately 1 million people miss some work each year-and the current trends in workplace practices, this volume will be a must for advocates for workplace health, policy makers, employers, employees, medical professionals, engineers, lawyers, and labor officials.
"A well-written and structured book which provides a wealth of carefully analysed evidence. A useful handbook for those who require an up-to-date picture of the relationship between work and musculoskeletal problems, and to identify priorities for policy and future research."
-- International Journal of Epidemiology, August 2002
"It is easy to read, extensively referenced, and well written, an important book for those interested in work and work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSDs). ... Researchers and educators will find the book an extremely useful reference. Students in a graduate-level class on WRMSDs would find most of the publication useful. For the reader new to the topic, the book is an excellent primer."
-- Ergonomics in Design, Fall 2002
"The synthesis of the material is presented so that the reader is guided through complicated literature, and is able to efficiently navigate a wealth of material. ... Overall, this volume offers a comprehensive review of the existing literature on occupational upper extremity and lower back disorders. It should prove to be a valuable resource for both researchers and policy makers."
-- Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, May 2003