Recognizing the importance of wetland protection, the Bush administration in 1988 endorsed the goal of no net loss of wetlands. Specifically, it directed that filling of wetlands should be avoided, and minimized when it cannot be avoided. When filling is permitted, compensatory mitigation must be undertaken; that is, wetlands must be restored, created, enhanced, and, in exceptional cases, preserved, to replace the permitted loss of wetland area and function, such as water quality improvement within the watershed.
After more than a dozen years, the national commitment to no net loss of wetlands has been evaluated. This new book explores the adequacy of science and technology for replacing wetland function and the effectiveness of the federal program of compensatory mitigation in accomplishing the nation s goal of clean water. It examines the regulatory framework for permitting wetland filling and requiring mitigation, compares the mitigation institutions that are in use, and addresses the problems that agencies face in ensuring sustainability of mitigated wetlands over the long term.
Gleaning lessons from the mixed results of mitigation efforts to date, the book offers 10 practical guidelines for establishing and monitoring mitigated wetlands. It also recommends that federal, state, and local agencies undertake specific institutional reforms. This book will be important to anyone seeking a comprehensive understanding of the no net loss issue: policy makers, regulators, environmental scientists, educators, and wetland advocates.
"This book will interest anyone involved in wetland or watershed restoration. ...[the authors] have handed readers 1) a thorough and up-to-date review of the current scientific and technical capacity to create and restore wetland area and functions in watersheds, 2) a convenient guide to the regulatory program that governs wetland mitigation... Restoration practitioners will find nuts-and-bolts instruction in the watershed approach to wetland restoration, as well as insight into the institutional structure under which wetland restoration is most frequently undertaken in the United States. ...Compensating for Wetland Losses under the Clean Water Act should be a valuable resource to a broad array of people."
-- Ecological Restoration, June 2003