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2. Facility Life Cycles and the Acquisition Process
Pages 17-22

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From page 17...
... With proper maintenance and management, facilities may perform adequately for 100 years or longer and may serve several different functions over that time. The actual service life is dependent upon such factors as quality of design; quality of construction; durability of construction materials and component systems; incorporated technology; location and local climate; use and intensity of use; type of operation and maintenance methods used; and damage caused by natural disasters and human error (NRC, 1998~.
From page 18...
... by and for the use of the Federal Government through purchase or lease, whether the supplies or services are already in existence or must be created, developed, demonstrated, and evaluated. Acquisition begins at the point when agency needs are established and includes the description of requirements to satisfy agency needs, solicitation and selection of sources, award of contracts, contract financing, contract performance, contract administration, and those technical and management functions directly related to the process of fulfilling agency needs by contract.
From page 19...
... The Office of Management and Budget's Capital Programming Guide directs agency management at this point to answer the "three pesky questions" applicable to all major capital investments (OMB, 1997~: Does the investment in a major capital asset support core/priority mission functions that need to be performed by the Federal Government? Does the investment need to be undertaken by the requesting agency because no alternative private sector or governmental source can better support the function?
From page 20...
... The preferred approach will be used to develop a project scope of work that will be the basis for future project decisions and for developing contract documents to procure design and construction services. Studies by academics, the National Research Council, the Construction Industry Institute, The Business Roundtable, the Project Management Institute, and others point to the importance of the conceptual planning phase to the entire facility acquisition process.
From page 21...
... A 1990 NRC report found that the early stages of the design process are most critical for assuring successful design to budget because the design is still flexible and factors that determine cost are not fixed (NRC, 19901. In addition, the cost of operating, maintaining, repairing, and disposing of the facility will be affected by the following decisions during the requirements assessments, conceptual planning, programming, and design phases: Choice of materials and technologies Quality of design · Quality of construction Building layout Types of systems Construction The majority of tasks associated with large-scare federal construction are contracted out to the private sector.
From page 22...
... Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

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